Boris Chayer

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BACKGROUND We sought to investigate the use of a new parameter, the projected effective orifice area (EOAproj) at normal transvalvular flow rate (250 mL/s), to better differentiate between truly severe (TS) and pseudo-severe (PS) aortic stenosis (AS) during dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE). Changes in various parameters of stenosis severity have(More)
BACKGROUND The effective orifice area (EOA) is the standard parameter for the clinical assessment of aortic stenosis severity. It has been reported that EOA measured by Doppler echocardiography does not necessarily provide an accurate estimate of the cross-sectional area of the flow jet at the vena contracta, especially at low flow rates. The objective of(More)
Ultrasound characterization of erythrocyte aggregation (EA) is attractive because it is a non-invasive imaging modality that can be applied in vivo and in situ. An experimental validation of the Structure Factor Size Estimator (SFSE), a non-Rayleigh scattering model adapted for dense suspensions, was performed on 4 erythrocyte preparations with different(More)
OBJECTIVES In many pathological conditions, including high-risk surgery, the severity of the inflammatory response is related to the patient outcome. However, determining the patient inflammatory state presents difficulties, as markers are obtained intermittently through blood testing with long delay. RBC aggregation is a surrogate marker of inflammation(More)
Color Doppler imaging is an established pulsed ultrasound technique to visualize blood flow non-invasively. High-frame-rate (ultrafast) color Doppler, by emissions of plane or circular wavefronts, allows severalfold increase in frame rates. Conventional and ultrafast color Doppler are both limited by the range-velocity dilemma, which may result in velocity(More)
Plane strain tensor estimation using non-invasive vascular ultrasound elastography (NIVE) can be difficult to achieve using conventional focus beamforming due to limited lateral resolution and frame rate. Recent developments in compound plane wave (CPW) imaging have led to high speed and high resolution imaging. In this study, we present the performance of(More)
Atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases are a major cause of death in industrialized countries. Molecular imaging modalities are increasingly recognized to be a promising avenue towards improved diagnosis and for the evaluation of new drug therapies. In this work, we present an acquisition system and associated catheter enabling simultaneous photoacoustic,(More)
Ultrasound ultrafast imaging (UI) allows acquisition of thousands of frames per second with a sustained image quality at any depth in the field of view. Therefore, it would be ideally suited to obtain good statistical sampling of fast-moving tissues using spectral-based techniques to derive the backscatter coefficient (BSC) and associated quantitative(More)
Multimodality vascular flow phantoms provide a way of testing the geometric accuracy of clinical scanners and optimizing acquisition protocols with easy reproducibility of experimental conditions. This article presents a stereolithography method combined with a lost-material casting technique that eliminates metal residues of cerrolow (a low temperature(More)
PURPOSE To develop a classification method based on the statistical backscatter properties of tissues that can be used as an ancillary tool to the usual Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) classification for solid breast lesions identified at ultrasonography (US). MATERIALS AND METHODS This study received institutional review board(More)