Learn More
A series of novel tricyclic pyrido-phthalazine-dione derivatives was tested for antagonistic effects at the strychnine-insensitive modulatory site of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor (glycineB). All compounds displaced [3H]MDL-105,519 binding to rat cortical membranes with IC50 values of between 90 nM and 3.6 microM. In patch-clamp experiments,(More)
Fibromyalgia is an intractable widespread pain disorder that is most frequently diagnosed in women. It has traditionally been classified as either a musculoskeletal disease or a psychological disorder. Accumulating evidence now suggests that fibromyalgia may be associated with CNS dysfunction. In this study, we investigate anatomical changes in the brain(More)
The potential importance for nociception of P2X receptors, the ionotropic receptors activated by ATP, is underscored by the variety of pain states in which this endogenous ligand can be released. Several important findings have been made recently indicating that P2X receptors can be involved in pain mechanisms both centrally and in the periphery. The roles(More)
Fibromyalgia is characterized by chronic widespread pain and bodily tenderness and is often accompanied by affective disturbances. Accumulating evidence indicates that fibromyalgia may involve a dysfunction of modulatory systems in the brain. While brain dopamine is best known for its role in pleasure, motivation and motor control, recent evidence suggests(More)
NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) receptors are one class of ionotropic receptor for the ubiquitous excitatory neurotransmitter L-glutamate. The receptor is made up of four protein subunits combined from a larger library of proteins, which gives this receptor a great deal of variability. This explains the large number of modulatory sites, a variety of sites at(More)
OBJECTIVE The groin pain experienced by patients with hip osteoarthritis (OA) is often accompanied by areas of referred pain and changes in skin sensitivity. We aimed to identify the supraspinal influences that underlie these clinical manifestations that we consider indicative of possible central sensitization. METHODS Twenty patients with hip OA awaiting(More)
Ketamine is a dissociative anaesthetic that has been used in the clinic for many years. At low, sub-anaesthetic doses, it is a relatively selective and potent antagonist of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor. It belongs to the class of uncompetitive antagonists and blocks the receptor by binding to a specific site within the NMDA receptor channel when(More)
Ifenprodil and a group of related compounds are selective antagonists of NR2B-containing NMDA receptors. These compounds are antinociceptive in a variety of preclinical pain models and have a much lower side-effect profile compared with other NMDA receptor antagonists. It remains unclear whether the improved safety of these compounds is due to their subtype(More)
Kainate receptors expressing the GluR5 subunit of glutamate receptor are present at high levels on small diameter primary afferent neurones that are considered to mediate nociceptive inputs. This suggests that GluR5 selective ligands could be novel analgesic agents. The role of kainate receptors on C fibre primary afferents has therefore been probed using(More)
The relative roles of receptors for AMPA (alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid) in spinal nociceptive and non-nociceptive transmission were studied on dorsal horn wide dynamic range neurones in alpha-chloralose-anaesthetized spinalized rats. The effects of systemically administered competitive and non-competitive AMPA antagonists (the(More)