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In neurodegenerative diseases like AD, tau forms neurofibrillary tangles, composed of tau protein. In the AD brain, activated caspases cleave tau at the 421th Asp, generating a caspase-cleaved form of tau, TauC3. Although TauC3 is known to assemble rapidly into filaments in vitro, a role of TauC3 in vivo remains unclear. Here, we generated a transgenic(More)
Microbially induced calcium carbonate precipitation (CCP) is a long-standing but re-emerging environmental engineering process for production of self-healing concrete, bioremediation, and long-term storage of CO2. CCP-capable bacteria, two Bacillus strains (JH3 and JH7) and one Sporosarcina strain (HYO08), were isolated from two samples of concrete and(More)
Coprisidins A and B (1 and 2) were isolated from a gut-associated Streptomyces sp. in the dung beetle Copris tripartitus. Using a combination of spectroscopic techniques, the structures of the compounds were determined to be the first examples of natural naphthoquinone-oxindole alkaloids. Coprisidin A was found to inhibit the action of Na+/K+-ATPase, and(More)
Four new prenylated xanthones, cudracuspixanthones A-D (1-4), two new prenylated benzophenones, cudracuspiphenones A (5) and B (6), and 11 known xanthones (7-17) were isolated from the roots of Cudrania tricuspidata. The absolute configurations of compounds 2-4 were deduced by the comparison of the calculated optical rotation values with the measured data.(More)
A marine-derived Streptomyces strain, SSC21, was isolated from the sediment of Suncheon Bay, Republic of Korea. Chemical analysis of the bacterial strain resulted in the isolation of four new metabolites, suncheonosides A-D (1-4, respectively), each bearing a sulfur atom. The planar structures of the suncheonosides were identified as hexasubstituted(More)
Difficulties involved in treating drug-resistant pathogens have created a need for new therapies. In this study, we investigated the possibility of using oleanolic acid (OA), a natural pentacyclic triterpenoid, as a natural adjuvant for antibiotics against Acinetobacter baumannii. High concentrations of OA can kill cells, partly because it generates(More)
Despite numerous efforts to discover novel bioactive products from microorganisms, previously reported compounds are repetitively reisolated. A new polyketide glycoside, gordonic acid (1), isolated from the mixed culture of two Gram-positive bacteria, Gordonia sp. KMC005 and Streptomyces tendae KMC006, is reported. The structure of 1 was characterized as an(More)
Salinazinones A (1) and B (2), two unprecedented pyrrolidinyl-oxazinones, were isolated from the culture broth of Streptomyces sp. KMF-004 from a solar saltern at Aphae Island, Korea. The structures of these salinazinones, which are unusual and consist of 2-methylpropenyl-1,3-oxazin-6-one bearing 1-oxopyrrolidinyl substituents, were assigned by spectral and(More)
Extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) is proposed to facilitate calcium ion supersaturation through its nucleation effect during the microbially induced calcium carbonate precipitation (MICP) process. However, the supersaturation effect of Ca2+ via EPS in MICP has not been clearly demonstrated. Enhanced exopolysaccharide production of the alkali- and(More)
Indole, which is widespread in microbial communities, has received attention because of its effects on bacterial physiology. Pseudomonas putida and Pseudomonas aeruginosa can acquire ampicillin (Amp) resistance during growth on indole-Amp agar. Transcriptome, mutant, and inhibitor studies have suggested that Amp resistance induced by indole can be(More)