Learn More
The calcium ([Ca(2+)](i)) oscillations associated with mammalian fertilization and required to induce egg activation occur during M-phase stages of the cell cycle. The molecular mechanisms underlying this regulation remain unproven and may be multi-layered. Type 1 inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors (IP(3)R-1), which mediate [Ca(2+)](i) release during(More)
Resistance switching in metal oxides could form the basis for next-generation non-volatile memory. It has been argued that the current in the high-conductivity state of several technologically relevant oxide materials flows through localized filaments, but these filaments have been characterized only indirectly, limiting our understanding of the switching(More)
Since the establishment of in vitro fertilization, it became evident that almost half of the couples failed to achieve fertilization and this phenomenon was attributed to a male gamete dysfunction. The adoption of assisted fertilization techniques particularly ICSI has been able to alleviate male factor infertility by granting the consistent ability of a(More)
BACKGROUND To investigate the effect of oxygen-ozone (O2-O3) injection on thoracolumbar intervertebral disc herniation (IVDH) in dogs. MATERIALS AND METHODS Ten herniated discs of five dogs were treated with percutaneous injection of an O2-O3 gas mixture with O3 concentration of 32 microg/microl intradiscally (1.5-2 microl) under fluoroscopy guidance. (More)
A variety of biophysical and biochemical factors control stem cell differentiation. In this study, we developed a nanopatterned substrate platform to surface immobilize osteoinductive bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) peptides. Specifically, polyurethane acrylate (PUA) substrates with nanometer-scale groove- and dot-shaped topography were fabricated. The(More)
Organelle positioning and movement in oocytes is largely mediated by microtubules (MTs) and their associated motor proteins. While yet to be studied in germ cells, cargo trafficking in somatic cells is also facilitated by specific recognition of acetylated MTs by motor proteins. We have previously shown that oocyte-restricted PADI6 is essential for(More)
Oocytes play a pivotal role in the cycle of human life. As we discuss here, after emerging from germline stem cells in the fetus, they grow in a follicular niche in which development is harmonized for timely ovulation and hormone secretion after puberty. Most human oocytes have poor developmental competence and are peculiarly vulnerable to chromosomal(More)
BACKGROUND INFORMATION The IP(3)R (inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor) is a tetrameric channel that accounts for a large part of the intracellular Ca(2+) release in virtually all cell types. We have previously demonstrated that caspase-3-mediated cleavage of IP(3)R1 during cell death generates a C-terminal fragment of 95 kDa comprising the complete(More)
A sperm-induced intracellular Ca2+ signal ([Ca2+]i) underlies the initiation of embryo development in most species studied to date. The inositol 1,4,5 trisphosphate receptor type 1 (IP3R1) in mammals, or its homologue in other species, is thought to mediate the majority of this Ca2+ release. IP3R1-mediated Ca2+ release is regulated during oocyte maturation(More)
Resistance switching in metal oxides could form the basis for next-generation non-volatile memory. It has been argued that the current in the high-conductivity state of several technologically relevant oxide materials flows through localized filaments, but these filaments have been characterized only indirectly, limiting our understanding of the switching(More)