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BACKGROUND Cardiovascular risk-related markers in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) have not been well understood. METHODS Serum and urine samples for biochemical and immunologic analysis were collected from 204 normal subjects and 257 type 2 DM patients, the latter of which were further classified by different diabetic duration with or without retinopathy.(More)
Polyphenols in noni juice (NJ) are mainly composed of phenolic acids, mainly gentisic, p-hydroxybenoic, and chlorogenic acids. To investigate the beneficial effects of NJ on the liver, hamsters were fed with two diets, normal-fat and high-fat diets. Furthermore, high-fat dietary hamsters were received distilled water, and 3, 6, and 9 mL NJ/kg BW,(More)
Noni juice (NJ) is rich in phytochemicals and polysaccharides. Lipid-lowering and antioxidative effects of NJ were investigated in this study. Fifty male hamsters were assigned randomly to one of the following groups: (1) normal diet and distilled water (LFCD); (2) high-fat/cholesterol diet and distilled water (HFCD); (3) HFCD and 3 ml NJ (including 0.20 g(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have reported the association between the development of NS1-specific IgG and arthropathy after the infection of human parvovirus B19 (B19). However, the role of anti-B19-NS1 IgG in RA is still unclear. This study investigated the role of anti-B19-NS1 antibody in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS B19-VP IgM and(More)
BACKGROUND Activity of secreted phospholipase A (sPLA2) has been implicated in a wide range of cellular responses. However, little is known about the function of human parvovirus B19-VP1 unique region (VP1u) with sPLA2 activity on macrophage. METHODS To investigate the roles of B19-VP1u in response to macrophage, phospholipase A2 activity, cell migration(More)
Evidence shows that women have lower tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) levels and lower incidences of heart dysfunction and sepsis-related morbidity and mortality. To identify the cardioprotective effects and precise cellular/molecular mechanisms behind estrogen and estrogen receptors (ERs), we investigated the effects of 17beta-estradiol (E(2)) and(More)
Garlic oil has been reported to protect the cardiovascular system; however, the effects and mechanisms behind the cardioprotection of garlic oil on diabetes-induced cardiaomyopathy are unclear. In this study, we used streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats to investigate whether garlic oil could protect the heart from diabetes-induced cardiomyopathy.(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have postulated a connection between human parvovirus B19 (B19) infection and anti-phospholipid antibodies (aPL). Recently, the phospholipase domain of B19 has been linked to B19-VP1 unique region (VP1u). To elucidate the roles of VP1u in B19 infection and aPL production, the major reactivity of anti-B19-VP1u, anti-cardiolipin(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have postulated a connection between human parvovirus B19 (B19) infection and anti-phospholipid antibodies (APhL). B19 infection and anti-phospholipid syndrome (APS) exhibit congruent symptoms. Recently, phospholipase A2 (PLA2)-like activity has been linked to the VP1 unique region (VP1u) of B19. However, the precise role of(More)
In previous studies, we have found that IGF-II and IGF-II receptor (IGF-IIR) dose dependently correlated with the progression of pathological hypertrophy after complete abdominal aorta ligation, which may play a critical role in angiotensin II-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis. However, the detail mechanisms of IGF-IIR in the regulation of cell apoptosis in(More)