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To help resolve phylogenetic relationships among the mitten crabs, complete sequences of the nuclear DNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and portions of the mitochondrial genome corresponding to the cytochrome oxidase I (COI), were sequenced for all Asian mitten crabs of the genus Eriocheir and seven species of the Grapsoidea. The resulting phylogeny(More)
Heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) is not only involved in environmental stress but also plays roles in the ovary development in some vertebrates. To understand its role in crustacean, we examined the HSP90 cDNA for the first time in the ovary and hepatopancreas of the oriental river prawn, Macrobrachium nipponense and designated this protein as MnHSP90 in this(More)
BACKGROUND Glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) is a key enzyme for the synthesis and catabolism of glutamic acid, proline and alanine, which are important osmolytes in aquatic animals. However, the response of GDH gene expression to salinity alterations has not yet been determined in macro-crustacean species. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS GDH cDNA was isolated(More)
Interaction between malachite green and hemocyanin of crab plays a crucial role in the metabolism, distribution, and efficacy of toxic dyes in aquaculture. The mechanism of interaction between malachite green and Hc from mud crab was studied by using multi-spectral methods and molecular modeling in this work. The spectroscopic and thermodynamic data show(More)
Genetic diversity, population genetic structure and molecular phylogeographic pattern of mantis shrimp Oratosquilla oratoria in Bohai Sea and South China Sea were analyzed by mitochondrial DNA sequences. Nucleotide and haplotype diversities were 0.00409–0.00669 and 0.894–0.953 respectively. Neighbor-Joining phylogenetic tree clustered two distinct lineages.(More)
Little is known about consequences of Spartina alterniflora invasion on soil sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB). This study compared the abundance, diversity, and community structure of SRB in S. alterniflora and in native plant communities along a successional gradient (bare mudflat, young/mature S. alterniflora, Suaeda salsa, and Phragmites australis) in(More)
Oratosquilla oratoria (Crustacea: Squillidae) is the most dominant species in the indo-pacific ocean, which has been regarded as the marine lives for its good taste and rich nutrition in fishery. In the current study, eleven polymorphic microsatellite loci were isolated from total genome of O. oratoria, and tested their polymorphism in 30 individuals(More)
Environmental changes, such as changes in the coastal topography due to Eurasian plate movements, climate oscillation during the Pleistocene, and alteration of ocean currents, have complicated the geographical structure of marine species and deepened their divergence between populations. As two widely distributed species of crustacean (Oratosquilla oratoria(More)
The mitochondrion is the energy-producing factory of eukaryotic cells, in which oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) is the main pathway for the production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) by cellular respiration. Because of their vital role in metabolism, mitochondrial proteins are predicted to evolve primarily under constant purifying selection. However, all(More)
Mitochondrial control region was called "A + T-rich" region in invertebrate. In the study, the general organization of control region in mitten crab was divided into two major domains: high variable segment and conserved segment. Four conserved blocks (CSB1, CSB2, CSB3 and CSB4) and two tandem repeat sequences (RT1 and RT2) were defined in control region.(More)