Boonlert Lumlertdacha

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These recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) update the previous recommendations on human rabies prevention (CDC. Human rabies prevention--United States, 1999: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices. MMWR 1999;48 [No. RR-1]) and reflect the status of rabies and antirabies biologics in the(More)
BACKGROUND In Thailand, rabies remains a neglected disease with authorities continuing to rely on human death statistics while ignoring the financial burden resulting from an enormous increase in post-exposure prophylaxis. Past attempts to conduct a mass dog vaccination and sterilization program have been limited to Bangkok city and have not been(More)
Furious and paralytic rabies differ in clinical manifestations and survival periods. The authors studied magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and cytokine and virus distribution in rabies-infected dogs of both clinical types. MRI examination of the brain and upper spinal cord was performed in two furious and two paralytic dogs during the early clinical stage.(More)
For the purpose of making clear the dynamics of rabies viruses that are prevalent among dogs in Asia, especially Thailand, nucleoprotein (N) genes of isolates derived from Thailand were partially sequenced, and a phylogenetic analysis was performed on the basis of the sequencing data. Firstly, all 27 isolates from Thailand belonged to one group that was(More)
Surveillance for lyssaviruses was conducted among bat populations in 8 provinces in Thailand. In 2002 and 2003, a total of 932 bats of 11 species were captured and released after serum collection. Lyssavirus infection was determined by conducting virus neutralization assays on bat serum samples. Of collected samples, 538 were either hemolysed or(More)
Rabies, an acute progressive encephalitis, is an ancient zoonosis. Its distribution encompasses all continents, except Antarctica. Agents consist of at least 11 species orgenotypes of rhabdoviruses, in the Genus Lyssavirus. Susceptible natural hosts include all mammals. Primary reservoirs reside in the Orders Carnivora and Chiroptera. A plethora of(More)
Dog bites are responsible for more than 90% of human rabies deaths in Asia. We developed a simple and inexpensive test based on latex agglutination (LA) for rabies virus antigen detection in dog saliva. Rabies virus antigen could be detected by agglutination on a glass slide using latex particles coated with gamma globulin. By evaluation of paired(More)
A prospective study of 8,987 canine, feline, human, and other mammalian brains (and one avian brain) was undertaken. The brains were analyzed for rabies antigens; two samples were obtained from each brainstem, and one sample was obtained from each hippocampus. The samples were stained with rabies conjugate and examined by use of fluorescence microscopy.(More)
The World Health Organization reports that over 60,000 humans die of rabies annually, worldwide. Most occur in remote regions of developing countries. Almost all victims received no postexposure rabies prophylaxis (PEP). There are no facilities or health personnel able to provide it in many areas where the disease is prevalent. A first approach to correct(More)