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During a 10-year period, 621 episodes of Escherichia coli bacteremia occurred in 575 cancer patients. The infection was most common in patients with acute leukemia and genitourinary and gastrointestinal malignancies. Most of the patients acquired their infection while in the hospital, and 38 percent had received antibiotics during the preceding 10 days.(More)
INTRODUCTION We appraised the roles and responsibilities assigned to community pharmacists internationally and in Singapore. MATERIALS AND METHODS A systematic search of international peer-reviewed literature was undertaken using Medline. Grey literature was identified through generic search engines. The search period was from 1 January 1991 to 30 July(More)
BACKGROUND Major depressive disorder (MDD) impacts health, quality of life and workplace productivity. Antidepressant treatment is the primary therapeutic intervention. This study assessed the efficacy and tolerability of new generation antidepressants and their cost-effectiveness in the Singapore healthcare system. METHODS We conducted a systematic(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM The high cost of chronic hepatitis C (HCV) direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) poses significant financial challenges for health payers, especially in Asia. A personalized treatment strategy based on individualized probability of virological response using oral DAAs as second-line therapy would seem practical but has not been studied. (More)
Ten cases of typhoid fever occurred between 24 August and 1 September 1986 in the vicinity of Silver Spring, Md. Shrimp salad served in a fast-food restaurant was implicated as the source of infection. Stool cultures were obtained from 104 employees, and serum Vi antibodies were assayed in 97 of the employees. Salmonella typhi was isolated from stool(More)
Between May 7 and June 7, 1986, 27 residents of a rural county in Maryland developed legionellosis, and two died. Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 was cultured from the sputum of two patients and identified in lung tissue of a third patient by direct fluorescent antibody staining. An additional 11 patients had four-fold rises in antibody titer to L.(More)
BACKGROUND For treatment of patients diagnosed with schizophrenia, comparative long-term effectiveness of antipsychotic drugs to reduce relapses when minimising adverse effects is of clinical interest, hence prompting this review. AIMS To evaluate the comparative long-term effectiveness of antipsychotic drugs. METHOD We systematically searched(More)
OBJECTIVE To systematically review the efficacy and tolerability of 4 prostaglandin analogues (PGAs) as first-line monotherapies for intraocular pressure (IOP) lowering in adult patients with primary open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension. DATA SOURCES A literature search was performed in PubMed (1965-June 2013) and the Cochrane Library (1980-June(More)
INTRODUCTION Novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) expanded the options for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF). Earlier studies comparing their relative effectiveness and safety typically do not incorporate age-related differences or postmarketing studies. This study aimed to summarize and compare clinical and safety outcomes of oral antithrombotics(More)
OBJECTIVES Effective formulary management in healthcare institutions safeguards rational drug use and optimizes health outcomes. We implemented a formulary management program integrating the principles of health technology assessment (HTA) to improve the safe, appropriate, and cost-effective use of medicine in Singapore. METHODS A 3-year formulary(More)