Bonsan Bonne Lee

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Central neuropathic pain following lesions within the CNS, such as spinal cord injury, is one of the most excruciating types of chronic pain and one of the most difficult to treat. The role of spinothalamic pathways in this type of pain is not clear. Previous studies suggested that spinothalamic tract lesions are necessary but not sufficient for development(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the provision of single lens distance glasses to older wearers of multifocal glasses reduces falls. DESIGN Parallel randomised controlled trial stratified by recruitment site and source of referral, with 13 months' follow-up and outcome assessors blinded to group allocation. SETTING Community recruitment and treatment room(More)
BACKGROUND Recent research has shown that wearing multifocal glasses increases the risk of trips and falls in older people. The aim of this study is to determine whether the provision of single-lens distance glasses to older multifocal glasses wearers, with recommendations for wearing them for walking and outdoor activities, can prevent falls. We will also(More)
BACKGROUND Spinal cord injury (SCI) patients have respiratory complications because of abdominal muscle weakness and paralysis, which impair the ability to cough. OBJECTIVE This study aims to enhance cough in high-level SCI subjects (n = 11, SCI at or above T6) using surface electrical stimulation of the abdominal muscles via 2 pairs of posterolaterally(More)
BACKGROUND Respiratory complications in people with high-level spinal cord injury (SCI) are a major cause of morbidity and mortality, particularly because of a reduced ability to cough as a result of abdominal muscle paralysis. OBJECTIVE . We investigated the effect of cough training combined with functional electrical stimulation (FES) over the abdominal(More)
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is highly prevalent in people with tetraplegia. Nasal congestion, a risk factor for OSA, is common in people with tetraplegia. The purpose of this study was to quantify objective and perceived nasal resistance and its stability over four separate days in people with tetraplegia and OSA (n=8) compared to able-bodied controls(More)
BACKGROUND Surface electrical stimulation of the abdominal muscles, with electrodes placed in the posterolateral position, combined with a voluntary cough can assist clearance of airway secretions in individuals with high-level spinal cord injury (SCI). OBJECTIVE To determine whether an increase in stimulus intensity of the trains of electrical stimuli(More)
BACKGROUND Quadriplegia is a severe, catastrophic injury that predominantly affects people early in life, resulting in lifelong physical disability. Obstructive sleep apnoea is a direct consequence of quadriplegia and is associated with neurocognitive deficits, sleepiness and reduced quality of life. The usual treatment for sleep apnoea is nasal continuous(More)
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