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Late-onset multiple carboxylase deficiency is characterized clinically by skin rash, alopecia, seizures and ataxia and occasionally by candidiasis and developmental delay. Biochemically, these individuals exhibit findings consistent with a combined deficiency of the biotin-dependent carboxylases. We have found that the activity of the enzyme biotinidase is(More)
Monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) were raised against epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptors on a human epidermoid carcinoma cell line, A431. Administration of anti-EGF receptor MoAbs inhibited tumor formation in athymic mice by A431 cells and by another epidermal carcinoma cell line, T222. When one of the same MoAbs was used in therapy against Li-7 (a human(More)
Biotinidase deficiency is the usual biochemical defect in biotin-responsive late-onset multiple carboxylase deficiency. We reviewed the clinical features of six patients with the enzyme deficiency and compared them with features described in the literature in children with late-onset MCD. In all of the reported probands, MCD was diagnosed because they had(More)
Serum biotinidase has biotinyl-transferase activity in addition to biocytin hydrolase activity. A sensitive assay for biotinyl-transferase activity was developed based on the transfer of biotin from biocytin to histones. Biotinidase biotinyl-transferase occurs at physiological and alkaline pHs, whereas hydrolysis of biocytin occurs optimally at pH 4.5 to(More)
Biotinidase (BTD) is the only enzyme that can cleave biocytin, a product of the proteolytic digestion of holocarboxylases. Profound BTD deficiency (less than 10% mean normal activity in serum) is an autosomal recessive disorder that can result in neurological and cutaneous abnormalities. Both the cDNA and the genomic DNA of normal BTD gene have been(More)
Biotinidase (EC 3.5.1.12) catalyzes the hydrolysis of biocytin, the product of biotin-dependent carboxylase degradation, to biotin and lysine. Biotinidase deficiency is an inherited metabolic disorder of biotin recycling that is characterized by neurological and cutaneous abnormalities, and can be successfully treated with biotin supplementation. Sequences(More)
Biotinidase is the enzyme responsible for the recycling of the vitamin biotin. Biotinidase acts as a hydrolase by cleaving biocytin and biotinyl-peptides, thereby liberating biotin for reutilization. Biotinidase is also important for making biotin bioavailable from bound dietary sources. The interest in this enzyme has been increased by the discovery of(More)
We describe a method for neonatal screening for biotinidase (EC 3.5.1.12) deficiency. Biotinidase activity is assessed colorimetrically from dried samples of whole blood spotted on the same filter papers as used in the neonatal screening for phenylketonuria. After the reaction, samples from normal infants are characteristically purple, whereas those from(More)
Heme oxygenase (HO) catalyzes the oxidative cleavage of the alpha-mesocarbon of Fe-protoporphyrin-IX yielding equimolar amounts of biliverdin-IXa, iron, and carbon monoxide. The HO-system consists of two isoenzymes, namely HO-2 and the inducible isoform HO-1, also referred to as heat shock protein (hsp) 32. Although both parenchymal and non-parenchymal(More)