Bonnie J. Hazelton

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Three human rhabdomyosarcoma cell lines (Rh10, Rh18, and Rh28) have been established from three independently derived xenografts. These lines have been characterized as mesenchymal in origin (reactivity to desmin and vimentin antibodies) and as expressing a human fetal muscle surface antigen recognized by monoclonal antibody 5.1 H11. Measurable levels of(More)
In order to simulate more closely conditions in which resistance to vincristine (VCR) is selected in human solid tumors, a human rhabdomyosarcoma grown as a xenograft in immune-deprived mice has been selected for resistance in situ. Karyotype analysis showed the resistant line, HxRh18/VCR-3, to have a diploid modal number, with no apparent translocations,(More)
WI-38 and SV40WI-38 cells have been synchronized using centrifugal elutriation. This technique allows for the rapid harvesting of early G1 phase cells from exponentially growing populations of both the normal and transformed cell. Using these cells, as well as WI-38 cells synchronized by serum deprivation, we have examined the effects of extracellular Ca(More)
Xenografts of human rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) have been derived that differ in their degree of sensitivity to Vinca alkaloids. Lines Rh12 and Rh18 demonstrated, respectively, high and moderate sensitivity to vincristine (VCR), but showed little responsiveness to vinblastine (VLB) in vivo. Rh18/VCR-3, a subline of Rh18 selected for resistance to VCR under in(More)
Skeletal muscle differentiation consists of an ordered withdrawal of committed cells from the cell cycle and their fusion to form multinucleated myotubes. To determine if differentiation of malignant myoblasts parallels that of normal skeletal muscle, a cell line (Rh28) was established from an alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma. Rh28 displays a constant population(More)
Serum stimulation of quiescent 3T3 cells returns the cells to a proliferative state. Changes in Ca content, transport and distribution during the transition through G1 and S phase have been investigated following serum stimulation of these cells. 45 Ca exchange data indicate at least two kinetically defined cellular compartments for Ca; a rapidly exchanging(More)
The kinetics of Ca++ uptake have been evaluated in 3T3 and SV40-3T3 mouse cells. The data reveal at least two exchangeable cellular compartments in the 3T3 and SV40-3T3 cell over a 50-min exposure to 45Ca++. A rapidly exchanging compartment may represent surface-membrane-localized Ca++ whereas a more slowly exchanging compartment is presumably(More)
GC3/c1 human colon adenocarcinoma cells were treated with the mutagen ethyl methanesulfonate, and three clones deficient in thymidylate synthase (5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate:dUMP C-methyltransferase, EC 2.1.1. 45) activity were selected and characterized. Growth in medium deficient in thymidine caused cell death in two clones (TS- c1 and TS- c3), whereas(More)
The lowering of extracellular Ca2+ concentration in the growth medium reversibly blocks normal, but not SV40-transformed WI38 diploid fibroblasts in the early G1/G0 phase of the cell cycle. This growth response is characterized by specific changes in ionic content and transport. Ca2+ deprivation (0.03 mM) has little effect on the K+ content of either normal(More)
Skeletal muscle differentiation consists of an ordered withdrawal of committed cells from the cell cycle and their fusion to form multinucleated myotubes. To determine if differentiation of malignant myoblasts paral lels that of normal skeletal muscle, a cell line (Rh28) was established from an alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma. Rh28 displays a constant popula tion(More)