Bonnie F. Williams

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Despite increasing rates of opioid abuse by human adolescents, few laboratory experiments address adolescent vulnerability to opiates. We examined intravenous morphine self-administration after adolescent- vs. adult-onset, followed by extinction and cue-induced reinstatement. Adolescent male Sprague-Dawley rats [postnatal day (P) 35 at start] and adults(More)
Recreational drug use peaks in the developmental stage of adolescence, and exposure to drugs during adolescence may predict drug dependence in adulthood. Nevertheless, adolescent drug vulnerability is not widely studied in animal models of drug intake, and very few studies have investigated sex differences in drug-related behavior during adolescence. We(More)
There is little published evidence regarding whether heparin lock solutions containing preservatives prevent catheter-related infections. However, adverse effects from preservative-containing flushes have been documented in neonates, leading many hospitals to avoid their use altogether. Infection control records from 1982 to 2008 at St. Jude Children's(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To determine the influence of needle gauge in Mantoux skin testing for tuberculosis. DESIGN Randomized selection of either a 27- or 30-gauge needle for Mantoux skin test placement; observer-blinded. SETTING Annual hospital employee screening. PARTICIPANTS Six hundred twenty-five employees working in clinical and laboratory research(More)
A comprehensive influenza vaccination campaign improved vaccination rates among healthcare workers with direct patient care responsibilities from 45% during the 2003-2004 influenza season to 80% during the 2004-2005 season. A strategy of weekly feedback to unvaccinated employees was the most important factor in enhancing the rate of vaccination acceptance(More)
OBJECTIVE The lack of well-trained, dedicated infection control personnel prevents optimal control of nosocomial infections in Latin American pediatric oncology centers. We collaboratively planned and implemented a multinational training course in San Salvador, El Salvador, to address this need. METHODS The course relied on its organizers' experience in(More)
High energy diets can have a detrimental effect on brain plasticity. For example, a high fructose diet impairs spatial memory in male rats. The aim of the present study was to determine whether a high fructose diet impairs another form of learning and memory: drug reinforcement learning. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a high fructose diet (60%) from(More)