Bonnie E Kirschenbaum

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The PC12 clone is a line of rat pheochromocytoma cells which undergoes neuronal differentiation in the presence of nerve growth factor (NGF) protein. In the absence of NGF, PC12 cells are electrically inexcitable, while after several weeks of NGF treatment, they develop sodium action potentials. The number and density of sodium channels on PC12 cells before(More)
Neuronal precursor cells persist in the adult forebrain ependymal/subependymal zone (SZ) and have been found to produce neurons in cultures derived from birds, rodents, and humans. We postulated that the survival of neurons generated from these cells might be constrained in adulthood by the local absence of trophic support. To test this hypothesis, we(More)
Neurons continue to be born in the subventricular zone (SVZ) of the lateral ventricles of adult mice. These cells migrate as a network of chains through the SVZ and the rostral migratory stream (RMS) into the olfactory bulb (OB), where they differentiate into mature neurons. The OB is the only known target for these neuronal precursors. Here, we show that,(More)
In the adult avian forebrain, neurons continue to be produced in the subependymal zone (SZ), from which they migrate upon radial fibers. To identify ligands regulating this process, we studied N-cadherin and Ng-CAM/8D9 expression in HVC, a neurogenic region of the canary neostriatum. N-cadherin was relatively restricted to the SZ and was expressed by(More)
The PC12 clone is a line of rat pheochromocytoma cells that undergoes neuronal differentiation in the presence of NGF protein. In the absence of NGF, PC12 cells are electrically inexcitable, while after several weeks of NGF treatment they develope Na+ action potentials. Past estimates made by measuring binding of 3H-saxitoxin (STX) indicate that NGF(More)
It has traditionally been held that the adult brain is incapable of significant self-repair, due in part to its inability to generate new neurons. Nevertheless, rodents and birds have been found to harbor neural precursor cells in adulthood. We asked whether the adult human brain might retain such precursors, by culturing samples of temporal lobe under(More)
The adult mammalian brain continues to harbor ependymal/subependymal zone (SZ) precursor cells, which can give rise to neurons in vitro. In adult rats, explants of the rostral 6-7 mm of the SZ give rise to neurons in vitro, and over this entire expanse, neuronal survival is supported specifically by brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). We asked whether(More)
PURPOSE To discuss the role of restricted drug distribution systems in the implementation of risk evaluation and mitigation strategies (REMS), health-system pharmacists' concerns associated with the use of specialty pharmacies and other restricted drug distribution systems, reimbursement policies for high-cost specialty drugs, supply chain models for(More)
Disruption of the brain's protein phosphorylation system by ischemia may cause irreversible metabolic and structural alterations leading eventually to cell death. To examine the effect of ischemia on the phosphorylation state of brain proteins, tissue homogenates derived from the hippocampus, striatum and neocortex of normal rats and rats subjected to(More)
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