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A viable cloned animal indicates that epigenetic status of the differentiated cell nucleus is reprogrammed to an embryonic totipotent state. However, molecular events regarding epigenetic reprogramming of the somatic chromatin are poorly understood. Here we provide new insight that somatic chromatins are refractory to reprogramming of histone acetylation(More)
Bovine somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) is an important and powerful tool for basic research and biomedical and agricultural applications, however, the efficiency of SCNT has remained extremely low. In this study, we investigated the effects of cathepsin B inhibitor (E-64) supplementation of culture medium on in vitro development of bovine SCNT embryos.(More)
V-set and immunoglobulin domain containing 1 (VSIG1) is a newly discovered member of the junctional adhesion molecule (JAM) family; it is encoded by a gene located on human chromosome X and preferentially expressed in a variety of cancers in humans. Little is known about its physiological function. To determine the role(s) of VSIG1 in mammalian(More)
While a critical role of autophagy in mammalian early embryogenesis has been demonstrated, few studies have been conducted regarding the role of autophagy in in vitro maturation (IVM) of immature oocytes. In the present study we investigated the effect of rapamycin, a chemical autophagy inducer, on the nuclear and cytoplasmic maturation of porcine oocytes.(More)
Metaphase II oocyte production was significantly increased by treatment with E(2) during the first half of the total in vitro maturation (IVM) period, which was further evidenced by an increase in monospermic fertilization, blastocyst formation, or blastomere viability of IVF- or somatic cell nuclear transfer-derived embryos. Thus, we concluded that(More)
Despite the positive roles of histone deacetylase inhibitors in somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT), few studies have evaluated valproic acid (VPA) and its associated developmental events. Thus, the present study was conducted to elucidate the effect of VPA on the early development of bovine SCNT embryos and the underlying mechanisms of action. The histone(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to identify the genetic locus for an inherited form of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) that is characterized by diffuse myocardial fibrosis and sudden death. BACKGROUND Genetic studies have mapped multiple loci for DCM, which is a major cause of nonischemic heart failure; however, the genes responsible for the majority of cases have yet(More)
This study was conducted to examine the activities of maturation-promoting factor (MPF) and mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase in the porcine oocytes after artificial activation. To determine optimal electrical activation condition, oocytes were exposed to single DC pulse in a variety of electric field strengths (120, 150, 180, and 210 V/mm) and pulse(More)
The retromer complex, which mediates retrograde transport from endosomes to the trans-Golgi network, is a heteropentameric complex that contains a multifunctional cargo recognition heterotrimer consisted of the vacuolar protein sorting (Vps) subunits Vps26, Vps29, and Vps35. In mammals, there are two different isoforms of Vps26, Vps26a and Vps26b, that(More)
BACKGROUND Interspecies somatic cell nuclear transfer (iSCNT) has been proposed as a tool to address basic developmental questions and to improve the feasibility of cell therapy. However, the low efficiency of iSCNT embryonic development is a crucial problem when compared to in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intraspecies SCNT. Thus, we examined the effect of(More)