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A viable cloned animal indicates that epigenetic status of the differentiated cell nucleus is reprogrammed to an embryonic totipotent state. However, molecular events regarding epigenetic reprogramming of the somatic chromatin are poorly understood. Here we provide new insight that somatic chromatins are refractory to reprogramming of histone acetylation(More)
While a critical role of autophagy in mammalian early embryogenesis has been demonstrated, few studies have been conducted regarding the role of autophagy in in vitro maturation (IVM) of immature oocytes. In the present study we investigated the effect of rapamycin, a chemical autophagy inducer, on the nuclear and cytoplasmic maturation of porcine oocytes.(More)
Despite the positive roles of histone deacetylase inhibitors in somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT), few studies have evaluated valproic acid (VPA) and its associated developmental events. Thus, the present study was conducted to elucidate the effect of VPA on the early development of bovine SCNT embryos and the underlying mechanisms of action. The histone(More)
Metaphase II oocyte production was significantly increased by treatment with E(2) during the first half of the total in vitro maturation (IVM) period, which was further evidenced by an increase in monospermic fertilization, blastocyst formation, or blastomere viability of IVF- or somatic cell nuclear transfer-derived embryos. Thus, we concluded that(More)
This study was conducted to examine the activities of maturation-promoting factor (MPF) and mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase in the porcine oocytes after artificial activation. To determine optimal electrical activation condition, oocytes were exposed to single DC pulse in a variety of electric field strengths (120, 150, 180, and 210 V/mm) and pulse(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to identify the genetic locus for an inherited form of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) that is characterized by diffuse myocardial fibrosis and sudden death. BACKGROUND Genetic studies have mapped multiple loci for DCM, which is a major cause of nonischemic heart failure; however, the genes responsible for the majority of cases have yet(More)
Acanthoic acid (AA) is a pimaradiene diterpene isolated from the Korean medicinal plant, Acanthopanax koreanum (Araliaceae). In the present study, we examined whether AA has the inhibitory effect on the production of inflammatory mediators and activating signals induced in trypsin-treated human leukemic mast cell-1 (HMC-1). HMC-1 cells were stimulated with(More)
BACKGROUND Interspecies somatic cell nuclear transfer (iSCNT) has been proposed as a tool to address basic developmental questions and to improve the feasibility of cell therapy. However, the low efficiency of iSCNT embryonic development is a crucial problem when compared to in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intraspecies SCNT. Thus, we examined the effect of(More)
As a human replacement, the crab-eating macaque (Macaca fascicularis) is an invaluable non-human primate model for biomedical research, but the lack of genetic information on this primate has represented a significant obstacle for its broader use. Here, we sequenced the transcriptome of 16 tissues originated from two individuals of crab-eating macaque (male(More)
The coupling of autophagy and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has been implicated in a variety of biological processes; however, little is known regarding the involvement of the autophagy/ER stress pathway in early embryogenesis or the underlying mechanism(s). Here, we showed that the developmental competence of in vitro-produced (IVP) bovine embryos was(More)