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The stability of hybrid plant viruses that might arise by recombination in transgenic plants was examined using hybrid viruses derived from the viral expression vectors potato virus X (PVX) and tobacco rattle virus (TRV). The potato virus Y (PVY) NIb and HCPro open reading frames (ORFs) were introduced into PVX to generate PVX-NIb and PVX-HCPro, while the(More)
We compared infection of Nicotiana benthamiana plants by the positive-sense RNA viruses Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV), Potato virus Y (PVY), and by a Potato virus X (PVX) vector, the latter either unaltered or expressing the CMV 2b protein or the PVY HCPro suppressors of silencing, at 25°C vs. 30°C, or at standard (~401 parts per million, ppm) vs. elevated(More)
The complete RNA genomic sequence of a tobacco mosaic virus isolate infecting Impatiens balsamina, designated as TMV-IM, has been determined. The genomic sequence and the predicted gene products of TMV-IM were similar to those of other members of the genus Tobamovirus. The CP ORF of TMV-IM showed sequence identities of 95.0–99.5% with the corresponding ORFs(More)
It has been hypothesized that plants can get beneficial trade-offs from viral infections when grown under drought conditions. However, experimental support for a positive correlation between virus-induced drought tolerance and increased host fitness is scarce. We investigated whether increased virulence exhibited by the synergistic interaction involving(More)
We have investigated short and small RNAs (sRNAs) that were bound to a biologically active hexahistidine-tagged Potato virus Y (PVY) HCPro suppressor of silencing, expressed from a heterologous virus vector in Nicotiana benthamiana plants, and purified under nondenaturing conditions. We found that RNAs in purified preparations were differentially enriched(More)
Since temperature effects on cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) have not been extensively studied, we examined the effects of a moderate increase in temperature on the virulence and the genetic diversity of CMV in Nicotiana tabacum (cv. Samsun NN). Two passage lines were initiated by inoculation of tobacco plants with a chlorosis strain of CMV (designated FFM-CMV)(More)
The variability in the nucleotide (nt) and amino acid (aa) sequences of the coat protein (CP) of Odontoglossum ringspot virus (ORSV), which naturally infects orchids worldwide, was investigated. The CP genes of 48 ORSV isolates originating from different locations in Korea were amplified using RT-PCR and sequenced. The encoded CP consists of 158 aa. The CP(More)
The variability in the nucleotide (nt) and amino acid (aa) sequences of the coat protein (CP) of Cymbidium mosaic virus (CymMV), which naturally infects orchids worldwide, was investigated. The CP genes of 55 CymMV isolates originating from different locations in Korea were amplified using RT-PCR and sequenced. The encoded CP consists of 223 aa. The CP(More)
Infections of plants by multiple viruses are common in nature and may result in synergisms in pathologies. Several environmental factors influence plant-virus interactions and act on virulence and host defense responses. Mixed viral infections may be more frequent under environmental conditions associated with global warming. Here, we address how changes in(More)
Localized expression of genes in plants from T-DNAs delivered into plant cells by Agrobacterium tumefaciens is an important tool in plant research. The technique, known as agroinfiltration, provides fast, efficient ways to transiently express or silence a desired gene without resorting to the time-consuming, challenging stable transformation of the host,(More)
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