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Polymers that display a physicochemical response to stimuli are widely explored as potential drug-delivery systems. Stimuli studied to date include chemical substances and changes in temperature, pH and electric field. Homopolymers or copolymers of N-isopropylacrylamide and poly(ethylene oxide)-poly(propylene oxide)-poly(ethylene oxide) (known as(More)
An aqueous solution of newly developed low-molecular-weight PEG-PLGA-PEG triblock copolymers with a specific composition is a free flowing sol at room temperature but becomes a gel at body temperature. Two model drugs, ketoprofen and spironolatone, which have different hydrophobicities, were released from the PEG-PLGA-PEG triblock copolymer hydrogel formed(More)
Aqueous solutions of poly(ethylene glycol-b-[DL-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid]-b-ethylene glycol) (PEG-PLGA-PEG) triblock copolymers form a free-flowing sol at room temperature and become a gel at body temperature. In this study, in situ gel formation was investigated in rats. Upon subcutaneous injection of 33 wt % aqueous solutions of PEG-PLGA-PEG triblock(More)
Available data suggest that drugs should be delivered to a vascular lesion at a high concentration over an extended period of time to control vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation. This study was undertaken to formulate a paclitaxel, an antimicrotubule agent, into a biodegradable poly (ethylene oxide)-poly(lactide/glycolide) (PEO-PLGA) nanosphere(More)
Many biodegradable polymers were used for drug delivery and some are successful for human application. There remains fabrication problems, such as difficult processability and limited organic solvent and irreproducible drug release kinetics. New star-shaped block copolymers, of which the typical molecular architecture is presented, results from their(More)
Lactobacillus plantarum is a well-documented probiotic that has been used in clinical trials for the regulation of the immune system and treatment of gastrointestinal diseases. In this study, we evaluated the effects of L. plantarum cell lysates on the immune regulation through the in vitro and in vivo studies. L. plantarum lysates were prepared by(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to develop a non-toxic polymeric gene carrier. For this purpose, biodegradable cationic polymer, poly[alpha-(4-aminobutyl)-L-glycolic acid] (PAGA) was synthesized. PAGA was designed to have ester linkage because polyesters usually show biodegradability. METHODS Degradation of PAGA in an aqueous solution was followed by(More)
Expression of alkaline phosphatase(ALP)activity represents a key event during the differentiation processes of osteoblasts, and the level of ALP activity has been routinely used as a relative measure of differentiation stages of osteoblasts. In human osteoblasts, we showed that vitamin D3 analogue, 1,25(OH)2D3, had a stimulatory effect on ALP activity after(More)
Comb-like polyethylene oxide (PEO) surfaces were prepared on low-density polyethylene (PE). The comb-like PEO chain density was changed gradually along the sample lengths by corona discharge treatment with gradually increasing power and the following graft copolymerization of poly(ethylene glycol) monomethacrylate macromers (PEO-MA). The macromers with(More)