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Regioselective glycosylation of flavonoids cannot be easily achieved due to the presence of several hydroxyl groups in flavonoids. This hurdle could be overcome by employing uridine diphosphate-dependent glycosyltransferases (UGTs), which use nucleotide sugars as sugar donors and diverse compounds including flavonoids as sugar acceptors. Quercetin(More)
Hydroxycinnamoyltransferases (HCTs) catalyze the transfer of the cinnamoyl moiety from hydroxycinnamoyl-CoA to various acceptors such as shikimic acid, quinic acid, hydroxylated acid, and glycerol. Four rice HCT homologues (OsHCT1-4) to tobacco HST were cloned, and OsHCT4 was expressed in Escherichia coli as a glutathione S-transferase fusion protein. Using(More)
Most flavonoids are glycosylated and the nature of the attached sugar can strongly affect their physiological properties. Although many flavonoid glycosides have been synthesized in Escherichia coli, most of them are glucosylated. In order to synthesize flavonoids attached to alternate sugars such as glucuronic acid and galactoside, E. coli was genetically(More)
Plant O-methyltransferases (OMTs) are known to be involved in methylation of plant secondary metabolites, especially phenylpropanoid and flavonoid compounds. An OMT, ROMT-9, was cloned and characterized from rice using a reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The blast results for ROMT-9 showed a 73% identity with caffeic acid OMTs from(More)
Two bioactive O-methylflavonoids, sakuranetin (7-O-methylnaringenin) and ponciretin (7-O-methylnaringenin), were synthesized in Escherichia coli. Sakuranetin inhibits germination of Magnaporthe grisea, and ponciretin is a potential inhibitor of Helicobacter pylori. To achieve this, we reconstructed the naringenin biosynthesis pathway in E. coli. First, the(More)
Flavonoids are predominantly found as glycosides in plants. The glycosylation of flavonoids is mediated by uridine diphosphate-dependent glycosyltransferases (UGT). UGTs attach various sugars, including arabinose, glucose, galactose, xylose, and glucuronic acid, to flavonoid aglycones. Two UGTs isolated from Arabidopsis thaliana, AtUGT78D2 and AtUGT78D3,(More)
An O-methyltransferase isolated from poplar, POMT7, was identified as a flavone 7-O-methyltransferase. In order to generate a mutant of POMT-7 having a novel regioselectivity, we conducted an error-prone polymerase chain reaction. More than 100 mutants were screened and one of the mutants (POMT-M1) Asp257Gly, methylated the 3-hydroxyl group of flavonols in(More)
Biocatalysts are a valuable tool for the structural modification of fine chemicals. Flavonoids possess several biological activities, which are correlated to their antioxidant activity. The numbers of hydroxyl groups in flavonoids are critical for their antioxidant activity. Development of biocatalysts for hydroxylation of flavonoids is challenging because(More)
Biotransformation of flavonoids using Escherichia coli harboring specific glycosyltransferases is an excellent method for the regioselective synthesis of flavonoid glycosides. Flavonol rhamnosides have been shown to contain better antiviral and antibacterial activities compared to flavonol aglycones. To synthesize flavonoid rhamnoside, a strain of E. coli(More)
Biotransformation of flavonoids using Escherichia coli harboring nucleotide sugar-dependent uridine diphosphate-dependent glycosyltransferases (UGTs) commonly results in the production of a glucose conjugate because most UGTs are specific for UDP-glucose. The Arabidopsis enzyme AtUGT78D2 prefers UDP-glucose as a sugar donor and quercetin as a sugar(More)