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Multiple enzymatic activities are required for transcriptional initiation. The enzyme DNA topoisomerase II associates with gene promoter regions and can generate breaks in double-stranded DNA (dsDNA). Therefore, it is of interest to know whether this enzyme is critical for regulated gene activation. We report that the signal-dependent activation of gene(More)
Chromosomal translocations are a hallmark of leukemia/lymphoma and also appear in solid tumors, but the underlying mechanism remains elusive. By establishing a cellular model that mimics the relative frequency of authentic translocation events without proliferation selection, we report mechanisms of nuclear receptor-dependent tumor translocations. Intronic(More)
Switching specific patterns of gene repression and activation in response to precise temporal/spatial signals is critical for normal development. Here we report a pathway in which induction of CaMKIIdelta triggers an unexpected switch in the function of the HES1 transcription factor from a TLE-dependent repressor to an activator required for neuronal(More)
Nuclear receptors undergo ligand-dependent conformational changes that are required for corepressor-coactivator exchange, but whether there is an actual requirement for specific epigenetic landmarks to impose ligand dependency for gene activation remains unknown. Here we report an unexpected and general strategy that is based on the requirement for specific(More)
The temporal and spatial regulation of gene expression in mammalian development is linked to the establishment of functional chromatin domains. Here, we report that tissue-specific transcription of a retrotransposon repeat in the murine growth hormone locus is required for gene activation. This repeat serves as a boundary to block the influence of(More)
The inflammatory response contributes substantially to secondary injury cascades after spinal cord injury, with both neurotoxic and protective effects. However, epigenetic regulations of inflammatory genes following spinal cord injury have yet to be characterized thoroughly. In this study, we found that histone H3K27me3 demethylase Jmjd3 expression is(More)
Mammalian SFMBTs have been considered to be polycomb group repressors. However, molecular mechanisms underlying mammalian SFMBTs-mediated gene regulation and their biological function have not been characterized. In the present study, we identified YY1 and methylated histones as interacting proteins of human SFMBT2. We also found that human SFMBT2 binds(More)
Histone deacetylases (HDACs) and their inhibitors affect the integrity of blood–brain barrier (BBB) which plays an important role in pathological conditions of the central nervous system (CNS). In this study, expression of HDACs was examined in bEnd.3 endothelial cells subjected to oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD)–reperfusion injury. Expression of(More)
Cyclo(phenylalanine-proline) is produced by various organisms such as animals, plants, bacteria and fungi. It has diverse biological functions including anti-fungal activity, anti-bacterial activity and molecular signalling. However, a few studies have demonstrated the effect of cyclo(phenylalanine-proline) on the mammalian cellular processes, such as cell(More)
The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are well known to responsible for the degradation of extracellular matrix (ECM) during tissue remodelling such as wound healing, metamorphosis, and regeneration. In present study, gelatinase activities were investigated in normal and retinoic acid (RA)-treated limb regenerates. During the early phase of limb(More)