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We examined histamine formation in cultures of Tetragenococcus muriaticus, a halophilic lactic acid bacterium isolated from fish sauce. T. muriaticus formed histamine in low acidity (pH 5.8), O2 limiting conditions with optimal NaCl and glucose concentrations of 5-7% (w/v) and above 1%, respectively. Histamine formation could not be prevented even at 20%(More)
A total of 11 strains of moderately halophilic histamine-producing bacteria isolated from fermented squid liver sauce were studied phenotypically, genotypically, and phylogenetically. These strains are considered members of the genus Tetragenococcus based on their physiological, morphological, and chemotaxonomic characteristics. A 16S rRNA gene sequence(More)
To clarify the effect of type of foods on the intestinal environment, Far East Asian- (FEA; rich in rice starch, soy protein and soy oil) and Far East Asian marine- (FEAM; rich in rice starch, fish meal, fish oil and brown alga) modelled diets and sucrose, casein and beef tallow-rich (SCB) diet were prepared. After the 2-week administration of diets in(More)
Listeria monocytogenes serotype 4b strains have been identified as the causative agent in many human listeriosis epidemics as well as in a considerable number of sporadic cases. Due to the genetic homogeneity of serotype 4b isolates, development of rapid subtyping methods with high discriminatory power for serotype 4b isolates is required to allow for(More)
A rapid system using terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) analysis targeting 16S rDNA is described for microbial population analysis in edible fish samples. The defined terminal restriction fragment database was constructed by collecting 102 strains of bacteria representing 53 genera that are associated with fish. Digestion of these(More)
In this study, we developed a predictive program for Vibrio parahaemolyticus growth under various environmental conditions. Raw growth data was obtained with a V. parahaemolyticus O3:K6 strain cultured at a variety of broth temperatures, pH, and salt concentrations. Data were analyzed with our logistic model and the parameter values of the model were(More)
Photobacterium damselae subsp. damselae has been known as an opportunistic pathogen in fish and mammals. Human infectious cases are often very serious and occasionally fatal. We previously reportedtwo fatal cases caused by this subspecies where the patients developed multiple organ failure within 20-36 h after the onset of initial symptoms. Despite its(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to investigate the detailed mechanisms of acid resistance in Vibrio parahaemolyticus. METHODS AND RESULTS All 11 strains of V. parahaemolyticus survived lethal acidic conditions following acid adaptation, and accumulation of cadaverine was detected. The addition of lysine improved survival, suggesting that lysine(More)
AIMS A histidine decarboxylase from Tetragenococcus muriaticus, a halophilic histamine-producing bacterium isolated from Japanese fermented squid liver sauce, was purified to homogeneity, for the first time. METHODS AND RESULTS The enzyme was purified 16-fold from cell-free extract by ammonium sulphate precipitation, anion exchange chromatography and(More)
A strain of strictly anaerobic and moderately halophilic bacteria isolated from salted puffer fish ovaries was studied phenotypically, genotypically and phylogenetically. On the basis of its physiological and morphological characteristics, the new isolate is considered to be a member of the genus Haloanaerobium. It is a motile, rod-shaped,(More)