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Nucleic acid damage by environmental and endogenous alkylation reagents creates lesions that are both mutagenic and cytotoxic, with the latter effect accounting for their widespread use in clinical cancer chemotherapy. Escherichia coli AlkB and the homologous human proteins ABH2 and ABH3 (refs 5, 7) promiscuously repair DNA and RNA bases damaged by S(N)2(More)
Ca2+ ion concentration changes are critical events in signal transduction. The Ca2+-dependent interactions of calmodulin (CaM) with its target proteins play an essential role in a variety of cellular functions. In this study, we investigated the interactions of G protein betagamma subunits with CaM. We found that CaM binds to known betagamma subunits and(More)
Recent studies of signal transduction in bacteria have revealed a unique second messenger, bis-(3′–5′)-cyclic dimeric GMP (c-di-GMP), which regulates transitions between motile states and sessile states, such as biofilms. C-di-GMP is synthesized from two GTP molecules by diguanylate cyclases (DGC). The catalytic activity of DGCs depends on a conserved(More)
Intragenic complementation is a unique property of oligomeric enzymes with which to study subunit-subunit interactions. Complementation occurs when different subunits, each possessing distinct mutations that render the individual homomutant proteins inactive, interact to form a heteromutant protein with partial recovery of activity. In this paper,(More)
Protein domain family PF06855 (DUF1250) is a family of small domains of unknown function found only in bacteria, and mostly in the order Bacillales and Lactobacillales. Here we describe the solution NMR or X-ray crystal structures of three representatives of this domain family, MW0776 and MW1311 from Staphyloccocus aureus and yozE from Bacillus subtilis.(More)
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