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Nucleic acid damage by environmental and endogenous alkylation reagents creates lesions that are both mutagenic and cytotoxic, with the latter effect accounting for their widespread use in clinical cancer chemotherapy. Escherichia coli AlkB and the homologous human proteins ABH2 and ABH3 (refs 5, 7) promiscuously repair DNA and RNA bases damaged by S(N)2(More)
LPS-binding protein (LBP) is a 60-kDa acute phase glycoprotein capable of binding the LPS of Gram-negative bacteria and facilitating its diffusion. This process is thought to be of potential importance in inflammatory reactions and pathogenic states such as septic shock syndrome. Here, we report on the identification of a LPS binding domain within the LBP(More)
Lipopolysaccharide binding protein (LBP) is a plasma protein known to facilitate the diffusion of bacterial LPS (endotoxin). LBP catalyzes movement of LPS monomers from LPS aggregates to HDL particles, to phospholipid bilayers, and to a binding site on a second plasma protein, soluble CD14 (sCD14). sCD14 can hasten transfer by receiving an LPS monomer from(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) binding protein (LBP) is a lipid transfer protein that catalyzes transfer of LPS monomers from micelles to a binding site on soluble CD14 (sCD14) and transfer of LPS from LPS.sCD14 complexes to HDL particles. To characterize the first of these two reactions, LPS covalently derivatized with the fluorophore, boron dipyrromethene(More)
Kre2p/Mnt1p is a Golgi alpha1,2-mannosyltransferase involved in the biosynthesis of Saccharomyces cerevisiae cell wall glycoproteins. The protein belongs to glycosyltransferase family 15, a member of which has been implicated in virulence of Candida albicans. We present the 2.0 A crystal structures of the catalytic domain of Kre2p/Mnt1p and its binary and(More)
Ca2+-activated, phospholipid-dependent protein kinase recently found in mammalian tissues (Takai, Y., Kishimoto, A., Iwasa, Y., Kawahara, Y., Mori, T., and Nishizuka, Y. (1979) J. Biol. Chem. 254, 3692-3695) is inhibited by various phospholipid-interacting drugs such as chlorpromazine, imipramine, phentolamine, dibucaine, verapamil, and tetracaine. This(More)
Promiscuous substrate recognition, the ability to catalyze transformations of chemically diverse compounds, is an evolutionarily advantageous, but poorly understood phenomenon. The promiscuity of DNA repair enzymes is particularly important, because it enables diverse kinds of damage to different nucleotide bases to be repaired in a metabolically(More)
Ca2+-activated, phospholipid-dependent multifunctional protein kinase originally found in rat brain occurs in a variety of mammalian tissues. In most tissues the enzyme activity is comparable to that of cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase when assayed with calf thymus H1 histone as phosphate acceptor. In some tissues such as platelets, brain, and(More)
The major soluble avian eye lens protein, delta crystallin, is highly homologous to the housekeeping enzyme argininosuccinate lyase (ASL). ASL is part of the urea and arginine-citrulline cycles and catalyzes the reversible breakdown of argininosuccinate to arginine and fumarate. In duck lenses, there are two delta crystallin isoforms that are 94% identical(More)
The specificity of the fatty acyl moieties of diacylglycerol for the activation of Ca2+-activated, phospholipid-dependent protein kinase was investigated. Diacylglycerol has been previously shown to activate this enzyme by increasing the affinity for Ca2+ and phospholipid, both of which are indispensable for the enzyme activation. Diacylglycerols containing(More)