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Bronchial biopsy specimens were obtained by fiberoptic bronchoscopy from 21 atopic subjects with asthma, 10 atopic subjects without asthma, and 12 normal healthy control subjects. With immunohistochemical techniques and a panel of monoclonal antibodies, inflammatory cells were identified and counted in the bronchial mucosa. The mean number of leukocytes(More)
We have used immunohistochemistry and monoclonal antibodies to analyze the phenotypic composition and activation status of the cellular infiltrate of bronchial biopsies obtained by fiber optic bronchoscopy of 11 atopic asthmatic subjects (FEV1% predicted range 78 to 114), 9 atopic nonasthmatic control subjects, and 10 normal healthy subjects. Examination of(More)
We have attempted to identify mRNA for IL-5 in endobronchial mucosal biopsies from asthmatics and controls, using the technique of in situ hybridization. Bronchial biopsies were obtained from 10 asthmatics and 9 nonatopic normal controls. A radio-labeled cRNA probe was prepared from an IL-5 cDNA and hybridized to permeabilized sections. These were washed(More)
Using immunohistochemistry and a panel of monoclonal antibodies, we have compared T-lymphocyte, eosinophil, macrophage, and neutrophil infiltration in bronchial biopsies from 10 intrinsic (nonallergic) asthmatics (IA) and seven extrinsic (allergic) asthmatic (EA), with similar degrees of disease severity. The results were compared with 12 normal healthy(More)
Nine sedentary men 21 to 35 yr of age took part in a physical conditioning program involving regular aerobic exercise over a period of 6 to 8 wk. There was significant improvement in indexes of cardiorespiratory fitness. Ventilatory and mouth occlusion pressure responses to CO2 at rest and during threadmill exercise was measured before and after training.(More)
We have studied the phenotype and activation status of leukocytes in the bronchial mucosa in patients with isocyanate-induced asthma. Fiberoptic bronchial biopsy specimens were obtained from nine subjects with occupational (five toluene- and four methylene diisocyanate-sensitive) asthma, 10 subjects with extrinsic asthma, and 12 nonatopic healthy control(More)
After administration of monocrotaline to dogs to produce noncardiogenic pulmonary edema, one-half of the animals (controls) were treated with intermittent positive pressure breathing (IPPV), and one-half with that ventilation plus the addition of 10 cm H2O of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP). After 6 h, the animals treated with PEEP demonstrated(More)
We have studied the expression of Fc gamma receptors and leucocyte integrins (CD11/CD18 family) on human eosinophils using specific monoclonal antibodies (mAb) and flow cytometric analysis. Peripheral blood eosinophils of normal density and low density were compared with neutrophils and monocytes. Several properties of the human eosinophil were established.(More)