Bolesław Gwóźdź

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The article discusses the role of vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF) in angiogenesis in embryonic development, particularly the effect of VEGF on capillary formation in response to chronic tissue ischemia and hypoxia. The sources and action of numerous angiogenic and angiostatic factors responsible for morphologic development of endothelial cells and(More)
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is released excessively in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), and vasodepression is its main effect on the blood vessels. The aim of the study was to investigate the changes in ANP secretion in the cerebral vasospasm following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in SHRs. The SAH was induced by the injection of 100 microliters(More)
Endothelin participates in regulating the vascular tone, and it is also involved in the pathogenesis of vasospasm following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Endothelin-1 (ET-1) induced cerebral vasospasm is inhibited by ETA receptors specific antagonist-BQ-123; this protects the neurons from ischemic damage. The present study evaluates the dynamics of ET-1(More)
Cerebral blood flow is dynamic and blood supply changes depending on which brain area is most active in a given moment. Endothelial cells provide information on blood flow autoregulation mechanism of myogenic, metabolic and neurogenic character. In ischaemia, hormonal and humoral regulations play an important role in blood flow, especially those substances(More)
Cerebral vasospasm is one of the most severe complications of subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH), leading to pathological changes in the vessel wall itself and in the nervous tissue, due to ischaemia of endothelial cells and neurones. Amongst the known substances inducing vasospasm, the most potent spasmogenic effect is exerted by endothelin-1 (ET1). The(More)
Aim of the study was to quantify cerebral vasospasm in rats after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) by morphometric examination of basilar artery and to evaluate the influence of endothelin receptor blocker BQ-123 on basilar artery constriction. The rat cisterna magna (CM) was cannulated and after 7 days SAH was developed by administration of 100 microl(More)
BACKGROUND Haemorrhagic hypotension is accompanied by an increase in endogenous opioid system activity, however, its significance is not fully recognised. Therefore, the role of endogenous opioid peptides in the central cardiovascular regulation in haemorrhagic shock was reviewed. CONCLUSIONS Complex central opioid mechanisms play an essential role in(More)
The aim of the study was to determine the effect of chronic vasospasm after SAH on angiogenesis and the effect of endothelin-1, the main causative factor in vasospasm, on this process. Male Wistar rats, 220-250 g, were examined. Seven days after cannulation of the cisterna magna (CM), a 100 microl dose of non-heparinized blood was administered to induce(More)