Bolívar P G L Damasceno

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PURPOSE Amphotericin B (AmB), an antifungal agent that presents a broad spectrum of activity, remains the gold standard in the antifungal therapy. However, sometimes the high level of toxicity forbids its clinical use. The aim of this work was to evaluate and compare the efficacy and toxicity in vitro of Fungizon (AmB-D) and two new different AmB(More)
PURPOSE This study explores the potential of the simvastatin to ameliorate inflammation and infection in open infected skin wounds of rats. METHODS Fourteen Wistar rats weighing 285 +/- 12g were used. The study was done in a group whose open infected skin wounds were treated with topical application of simvastatin microemulsion (SIM, n=7) and a second(More)
Mixing Fungizone with a fat emulsion used for nutritional purpose (Intralipid or Lipofundin ) was reported to decrease Amphotericin B (AmB) toxicity in clinical use. In an effort to understand the reason for this phenomenon, spectral and morphological analyses were done for the Fungizone and Fungizone /Lipofundin admixture (FLmix). The absorption spectra(More)
Amphotericin B remains the drug of choice for the treatment of most of the systemic fungal infections in immunodeficient patients. Because of the high incidence of adverse drug reactions the clinical use of Amphotericin B is rather limited. To reduce its toxicity new drug delivery systems has been suggested. Nevertheless, these carriers present several(More)
In this article, a nanosuspension of AmB was prepared and mixed with the preformed parenteral emulsion Lipofundin and subjected to high-pressure homogenization (SolEmuls technology). Characterization was performed by photon correlation spectroscopy (PCS), laser diffractometry (LD), and zeta potential measurements. Drug incorporation was studied by using(More)
The aim of this work was to develop an in vitro experimental protocol for the evaluation of toxicity and efficacy of an amphotericin B (AmB) micelle system, Fungizone, which was previously diluted with a lipid based emulsion for parenteral use, named Lipofundin LCT/MCT-20%. Two cell models were used for the experiments: Red Blood Cells (RBC) from human(More)
Microemulsion containing pentoxifylline was developed and characterized for use as a topical alternative to treat skin disorders. The transparent formulation was developed and optimized based on a pseudoternary phase diagram. Pentoxifylline-loaded microemulsion (PTX-ME) was composed of 44% Tween 80™/Brij 52™ mix as surfactants (S), 51% of caprylic/capric(More)
BACKGROUND Amphotericin B eye drops are widely used in the treatment of ocular infections. However, amphotericin's toxicity leads to low patient compliance and aggravation of symptoms. This work describes the development of a microemulsion system containing amphotericin B, aiming for its use in ocular applications. METHODS The microemulsion was developed(More)
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