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Surgical removal of porcine intestinal tissue followed by an ex vivo challenge is an alternative technique of testing the anti-inflammatory effect of bioactive compounds in the intestine of live pigs. We investigated the effects of ex vivo incubation of porcine colonic tissue on the quantity and quality of total RNA over a 12-h time period. Colonic tissue(More)
The lactoferrin gene sequences of 70 unrelated dairy cows representing six different dairy breeds were investigated for single nucleotide polymorphisms to establish a baseline of polymorphisms that exist within the Irish bovine population. Twenty-nine polymorphisms were identified within a 2.2kb regulatory region. Nineteen novel polymorphisms were(More)
Genetic polymorphisms present in the bovine lactoferrin (LTF) gene promoter have the potential to affect milk lactoferrin concentrations. The objectives were: (1) to identify, in silico, SNPs in the promoter region of the LTF gene that could affect transcription factor binding activity, (2) to investigate the effects of these SNPs in vitro by measuring(More)
The aim of the present study was to establish the optimum inclusion level of laminarin derived from Laminaria digitata on selected microbial populations, intestinal fermentation, cytokine and mucin gene expression in the porcine ileum and colon. A total of twenty-one pigs (mean body weight 17·9 kg) were randomly assigned to one of three dietary treatments:(More)
BACKGROUND Neuropeptide Y is a key neurotransmitter of the central nervous system which plays a vital role in the feed energy homeostasis in mammals. Mutations in the regulatory and coding regions of the bovine NPY gene can potentially affect the neuronal regulation of appetite and feeding behaviour in cattle. The objectives of this experiment were to: a)(More)
An experiment with a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement of treatments (n = 10 sows/treatment) was conducted to investigate the effect of maternal dietary supplementation with seaweed extract (SWE: 0 vs. 10.0 g/d) and fish oil (FO) inclusion (0 vs. 100 g/d) from d 109 of gestation until weaning (d 26) on sow colostrum and milk composition, humoral immune response(More)
This study investigated the effect of substituting grass silage (C3 photosynthetic plant product) with maize silage (C4 photosynthetic plant product) on the natural abundance carbon (delta13C) and nitrogen (delta15N) stable isotope composition of bovine muscle tissue. Forty-five continental crossbred heifers were assigned to one of three diets consisting of(More)
BACKGROUND Recovering high quality intact RNA from post-mortem tissue is of major concern for gene expression studies in animals and humans. Since the availability of post-mortem tissue is often associated with substantial delay, it is important that we understand the temporal variation in the stability of total RNA and of individual gene transcripts so as(More)
Lactoferrin plays an important role in the innate immune system, with well-characterized antibacterial, antiviral, and immune modulatory properties. The objective of this study was to determine the allele and haplotype frequency of polymorphisms at positions -586, -190, and -28 of the bovine lactoferrin promoter in Holstein-Friesians and to quantify their(More)
Adenosine receptor-mediated regulation of monocyte/macrophage inflammatory responses is critical in the maintenance of tissue homeostasis. In this study, we reveal that adenosine potently modulates the expression of NR4A1, 2, and 3 orphan nuclear receptors in myeloid cells, and this modulation is primarily through the adenosine A2a receptor subtype. We(More)