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Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was used to investigate the changes in blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) signal, cerebral blood flow (CBF) and cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen consumption (CMR(O(2))) accompanying neuronal inhibition. Eight healthy volunteers performed a periodic right-hand pinch grip every second using 5% of their(More)
In view of the potential of global resting blood flow level to confound the interpretation of blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) fMRI studies, we investigated the effect of pronounced elevation in baseline cerebral blood flow (CBF) on BOLD and CBF responses to functional activation. Twelve healthy volunteers performed bilateral finger apposition while(More)
The specificity of the hemodynamic response function (HRF) is determined spatially by the vascular architecture and temporally by the evolution of hemodynamic changes. The stimulus duration has additional influence on the spatiotemporal evolution of the HRF, as brief stimuli elicit responses that engage only the local vasculature, whereas long stimuli lead(More)
The spatial and temporal response of the cerebral microcirculation to mild hypercapnia was investigated via two-photon laser-scanning microscopy. Cortical vessels, traversing the top 200 microm of somatosensory cortex, were visualized in alpha-chloralose-anesthetized Sprague-Dawley rats equipped with a cranial window. Intraluminal vessel diameters, transit(More)
The spatiotemporal evolution of cerebral microcirculatory adjustments to functional brain stimulation is the fundamental determinant of the functional specificity of hemodynamically weighted neuroimaging signals. Very little data, however, exist on the functional reactivity of capillaries, the vessels most proximal to the activated neuronal population.(More)
To investigate the coupling between the hemodynamic and metabolic changes following functional brain activation as well as interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs), blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD), perfusion and oxygen consumption responses to a unilateral distal motor task and interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs) were examined via continuous(More)
Functional neuroimaging in animal models is essential for understanding the principles of neurovascular coupling and the physiological basis of fMRI signals that are widely used to study sensory and cognitive processing in the human brain. While hemodynamic responses to sensory stimuli have been characterized in humans, animal studies are able to combine(More)
A novel, noninvasive magnetic resonance imaging-based method for measuring changes in venous cerebral blood volume (CBV(v)) is presented. Venous refocusing for volume estimation (VERVE) exploits the dependency of the spin-spin relaxation rate of deoxygenated blood on the refocusing interval. Interleaved CPMG EPI acquisitions following a train of either(More)
The majority of patients with Alzheimer's disease have cerebral amyloid angiopathy, thus showing deposition of amyloid-β peptides in the walls of leptomeningeal and cortical arterioles. These deposits are believed to result from impaired clearance of parenchymal amyloid-β peptides. In the current work, we examined the changes in cortical microvascular(More)
Human whole-blood relaxometry experiments were performed to allow the prediction of blood signal changes with blood oxygen saturation (Y) and refocusing interval (tau180). Such predictions are particularly relevant for spin-echo (SE) blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) experiments and a recently proposed noninvasive fMRI method for measuring cerebral(More)