Bojana Popovic

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A system is reported for the recombinant expression of individual ketoreductase (KR) domains from modular polyketide synthases (PKSs) and scrutiny of their intrinsic specificity and stereospecificity toward surrogate diketide substrates. The eryKR(1) and the tylKR(1) domains, derived from the first extension module of the erythromycin PKS and the tylosin(More)
IL-17A is a pro-inflammatory cytokine produced by the newly identified Th17 subset of T-cells. We have isolated a human monoclonal antibody to IL-17A (CAT-2200) that can potently neutralize the effects of recombinant and native human IL-17A. We determined the crystal structure of IL-17A in complex with the CAT-2200 Fab at 2.6 A resolution in order to(More)
Antibodies can undergo a variety of covalent and non-covalent degradation reactions that have adverse effects on efficacy, safety, manufacture and storage. We had identified an antibody to Angiopoietin 2 (Ang2 mAb) that neutralizes Ang2 binding to its receptor in vitro and inhibits tumor growth in vivo. Despite favorable pharmacological activity, the Ang2(More)
Monoclonal antibodies are a commercially successful class of drug molecules and there are now a growing number of antibodies coupled to toxic payloads, which demonstrate clinical efficacy. Determining the precise epitope of therapeutic antibodies is beneficial in understanding the structure-activity relationship of the drug, but in many cases is not done(More)
Despite similar functions, the yolk proteins of the higher dipteran flies and the vitellogenins found in other insects are unrelated at the sequence level and have evolved from different genes. Both are selectively endocytosed into the ovary via receptors belonging to the LDLR receptor subfamily. We cloned the Drosophila yp1 gene into an E. coli expression(More)
When an enoylreductase enzyme of a modular polyketide synthase reduces a propionate extender unit that has been newly added to the growing polyketide chain, the resulting methyl branch may have either S or R configuration. We have uncovered a correlation between the presence or absence of a unique tyrosine residue in the ER active site and the chirality of(More)
In response to infections and irritants, the respiratory epithelium releases the alarmin interleukin (IL)-33 to elicit a rapid immune response. However, little is known about the regulation of IL-33 following its release. Here we report that the biological activity of IL-33 at its receptor ST2 is rapidly terminated in the extracellular environment by the(More)
The ketoreductase (KR) domains eryKR(1) and eryKR(2) from the erythromycin-producing polyketide synthase (PKS) reduce 3-ketoacyl-thioester intermediates with opposite stereospecificity. Modeling of eryKR(1) and eryKR(2) showed that conserved amino acids previously correlated with production of alternative alcohol configurations lie in the active site.(More)
Interleukin (IL)-13 is a pleiotropic T helper type 2 cytokine frequently associated with asthma and atopic dermatitis. IL-13-mediated signalling is initiated by binding to IL-13Rα1, which then recruits IL-4Rα to form a heterodimeric receptor complex. IL-13 also binds to IL-13Rα2, considered as either a decoy or a key mediator of fibrosis. IL-13-neutralising(More)
Uncontrolled self-association is a major challenge in the exploitation of proteins as therapeutics. Here we describe the development of a structural proteomics approach to identify the amino acids responsible for aberrant self-association of monoclonal antibodies and the design of a variant with reduced aggregation and increased serum persistence in vivo.(More)