Bojan Jevtić

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Dark Agouti (DA) rats are highly susceptible to induction of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), still they completely recover from the disease. Here, we were interested to determine contribution of major anti-inflammatory cytokines transforming growth factor (TGF)-β and interleukin (IL)-10 to the recovery of DA rats from EAE. To that extent we(More)
It has been increasingly appreciated that tumor necrosis factor (TNF) performs various protective and anti-inflammatory functions in multiple sclerosis (MS) and its animal model experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). Recently, CXCL12 has been identified as a key inhibitor of leukocyte entry into the central nervous system (CNS) and as a regulator(More)
Dimethyl fumarate (DMF), a new drug for multiple sclerosis (MS) treatment, acts against neuroinflammation via mechanisms that are triggered by adduct formation with thiol redox switches. Ethyl pyruvate (EP), an off-the-shelf agent, appears to be a redox analog of DMF, but its immunomodulatory properties have not been put into the context of MS therapy. In(More)
Cucurbitacin E (CucE) is a highly oxidized steroid consisting of a tetracyclic triterpene. It is a member of a Cucurbitacin family of biomolecules that are predominantly found in Cucurbitaceae plants. CucE has already been identified as a potent anti-inflammatory compound. Here, its effects on CD4(+) T helper (Th) cells and macrophages, as the major(More)
MicroRNAs (miR) are small non-coding RNAs involved in the immune response regulation. miR-155 has been attributed a major pro-inflammatory role in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis and its animal model experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). Here, a role of miR-155 in re-activation of encephalitogenic CD4(+) T cells was investigated. Dark(More)
C57BL/6, BALB/c and NOD mice are among the most frequently used strains in autoimmunity research. NOD mice spontaneously develop type 1 diabetes (T1D) and they are prone to induction of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). Both diseases can be routinely induced in C57BL/6 mice, but not in BALB/c mice. Also, C57BL/6 mice are generally considered(More)
Ethyl pyruvate (EP) has been increasingly appreciated as an anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective agent with potent pharmacological properties relevant for treatment of various CNS disorders. Microglial cells seem to be particularly sensitive to its effects. In this study, microglial cells were exposed to EP for relatively short periods (10-120min) and(More)
Covalent attachment of the nitric oxide (NO) moiety to the HIV protease inhibitor Saquinavir (Saq) produced a new chemical entity, named Saquinavir-NO, (Saq-NO) with reduced toxicity and potent immunoregulatory influence on T lymphocytes. In this study, we have compared head-to-head the effects of Saq-NO and Saq on mouse and rat peritoneal macrophage(More)
Ethyl pyruvate is a redox analogue of dimethyl fumarate (Tecfidera), a drug for multiple sclerosis treatment. We have recently shown that ethyl pyruvate ameliorates experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model of multiple sclerosis. It affects encephalitogenic T cells and macrophages in vitro, as well as in lymph nodes draining the site(More)
Gut microbiota and gut-associated lymphoid tissue have been increasingly appreciated as important players in pathogenesis of various autoimmune diseases, including multiple sclerosis. Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is an animal model of multiple sclerosis that can be induced with an injection of spinal cord homogenate emulsified in complete(More)
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