Boihon C. Yee

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Gliadins and glutenins, the major storage proteins of wheat endosperm (Triticum durum, Desf. cv Monroe), were reduced in vitro by the NADP/thioredoxin system (NADPH, NADP-thioredoxin reductase and thioredoxin; in plants, the h type) from either the same source or the bacterium Escherichia coli. A more limited reduction of certain members of these protein(More)
Thioredoxin of the h-type — earlier linked to the reduction of wheat (Triticum durum Desf. cv. Monroe) endosperm proteins — was converted from an oxidized to a partially reduced state during germination and seedling development. While the abundance of thioredoxin progressively decreased during this period, the availability of reducing equivalents, defined(More)
Procedures are described for the purification to homogeneity of chloroplast thioredoxins f and m from leaves of corn (Zea mays, a C4 plant) and spinach (Spinacea oleracea, a C3 plant). The C3 and C4f thioredoxins were similar immunologically and biochemically, but differed in certain of their physiochemical properties. The f thioredoxins from the two(More)
Thioredoxin h has been purified to electrophoretic homogeneity from spinach roots using a procedure devised for leaves. The root thioredoxin (h2 form) differed from chloroplast and animal thioredoxins in showing an atypical active site (Cys-Ala-Pro-Cys) but otherwise resembled animal thioredoxin in structure. Sequence data for a total of 72 residues of(More)
Ferredoxin-thioredoxin reductase (FTR), an enzyme involved in the light regulation of chloroplast enzymes, was purified to homogeneity from leaves of spinach (a C3 plant) and corn (a C4 plant) and from cells of a cyanobacterium (Nostoc muscorum). The enzyme is a yellowish brown iron-sulfur protein, containing four nonheme iron and labile sulfide groups,(More)
An NADP/thioredoxin system, consisting of NADPH, NADP-thioredoxin reductase (NTR), and its thioredoxin, thioredoxin h, has been previously described for heterotrophic plant tissues, i.e., wheat seeds and cultured carrot cells. Until now there was no evidence for this system in green leaves. Here, we report the identification of protein components of the(More)
Thioredoxin, reduced either enzymatically with NADPH and NADP-thioredoxin reductase or chemically with dithiothreitol, reduced alpha-amylase and trypsin inhibitor proteins from several sources. Included were cystine-rich seed representatives from wheat (alpha-amylase inhibitors), soybean (Bowman-Birk trypsin inhibitor), and corn (kernel trypsin inhibitor).(More)
We have demonstrated that the common soil bacterium, Bacillus subtilis, reduces selenite to an insoluble and much less toxic product--the red form of elemental selenium. Reduction was effected by an inducible system that appears to deposit elemental selenium between the cell wall and the plasma membrane. Glucose and sucrose supported selenite reduction.(More)
Ferredoxin and ferredoxin-NADP+ oxidoreductase (FNR) were purified from leaves, roots, and red and green pericarp of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum, cv VFNT and cv Momotaro). Four different ferredoxins were identified on the basis of N-terminal amino acid sequence and charge. Ferredoxins I and II were the most prevalent forms in leaves and green(More)