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We present in this paper a new, complete method for distributed constraint optimization, based on dynamic programming. It is a utility propagation method, inspired by the sum-product algorithm, which is correct only for tree-shaped constraint networks. In this paper, we show how to extend that algorithm to arbitrary topologies using a pseudotree arrangement… (More)

Case-based reasoning (CBR) is an approach to problem solving that emphasizes the role of prior experience during future problem solving (i.e., new problems are solved by reusing and if necessary adapting the solutions to similar problems that were solved in the past). It has enjoyed considerable success in a wide variety of problem solving tasks and… (More)

This paper investigates the problem of reasoning about the kinematic interactions between parts of a mechanism We introduce the concept of Place Vocabularies as a useful symbolic description of the possible interactions We examine the requirements for the representation and introduce a definition of place vocabularies that satisfies them We show how this… (More)

We consider constraint satisfaction problems with variables in continuous, numerical domains. Contrary to most existing techniques, which focus on computing one single optimal solution, we address the problem of computing a compact representation of the space of all solutions admitted by the constraints. In particular, we show how globally consistent (also… (More)

We model social choice problems in which self interested agents with private utility functions have to agree on values for a set of variables subject to side constraints. The goal is to implement the efficient solution, maximizing the total utility across all agents. Existing techniques for this problem fall into two groups. Distributed constraint… (More)

We present a parameterized approximation scheme for distributed com-binatorial optimization problems based on dynamic programming. The algorithm is a utility propagation method and requires a linear number of messages. For exact computation, the size of the largest message is exponential in the width of the constraint graph. We present a distributed… (More)

Traditional centralised approaches to security are difficult to apply to large, distributed marketplaces in which software agents operate. Developing a notion of trust that is based on the reputation of agents can provide a softer notion of security that is sufficient for many multi-agent applications. In this paper, we address the issue of… (More)