Bogdan J. Nowicki

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A bacterial pathogen that is important in both urinary tract and intestinal infections is Escherichia coli which expresses Dr or related adhesins. In this report, we present a model for testing cell-cell interaction, using both molecularly characterized laboratory cells that express recombinant molecules of human decay-accelerating factor (DAF), and(More)
The dra gene cluster of uropathogenic strains of Escherichia coli produces proteins involved in bacterial attachment to and invasion of the eukaryotic host tissues. The crystal structure of a construct of E. coli DraD possessing an additional C-terminal extension of 13 amino acids, including a His6 tag, has been solved at a resolution of 1.05 angstroms. The(More)
The contribution of nitric oxide to host resistance to experimental pyelonephritis is not well understood. We examined whether the inhibition of nitric oxide synthesis alters the sensitivity of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) responder (C3H/HeN) and nonresponder (C3H/HeJ) mice to experimental Escherichia coli pyelonephritis. C3H/HeJ and C3H/HeN mice were implanted(More)
Diffusely adhering Escherichia coli (DAEC) strains expressing F1845 fimbrial adhesin or Dr hemagglutinin belonging to the Afa/Dr family of adhesins infect cultured polarized human intestinal cells through recognition of the brush border-associated decay-accelerating factor (DAF; CD55) as a receptor. The wild-type Afa/Dr DAEC strain C1845 has been shown to(More)
[Carbonyl-(11)C]WAY-100635 ([(11)C]WAY) is an established radioligand for the study of brain serotonin(1A) (5-HT(1A)) receptors in living animals and humans with positron emission tomography (PET). There is a recognised need to develop halogenated ligands for 5-HT(1A) receptors, either for labelling with longer-lived fluorine-18 for more widespread(More)
BACKGROUND Localized inflammation and increased expression of TLR4 receptors within the uterus has been implicated in the pathogenesis of preterm labor. It remains unclear whether intrauterine inflammatory responses activate the maternal peripheral circulatory system. Therefore we determined whether increased TLR4 expression is present in the peripheral(More)
The virulence mechanism of Neisseria gonorrhoeae in pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is not well understood, and an objective diagnostic method to identify patients with PID is lacking. We investigated the hypothesis that development of PID was associated with a C1q-dependent virulence property of gonococcal strains. Recent development of a C1q-dependent(More)
Diffusely adhering Escherichia coli (DAEC) strains expressing adhesins of the Afa/Dr family bind to epithelial cells in a diffuse adherence pattern by recognizing a common receptor, the decay-accelerating factor (CD55). Recently, a novel CD55-binding adhesin, named Dr-II, was identified from the pyelonephritogenic strain EC7372. In this report, we show that(More)
Pathogenicity islands (PAIs) or genomic islands (GEIs) are considered to be the result of a recent horizontal transfer. Detecting PAIs/GEIs as well as their putative source can provide insight into the organism’s pathogenicity within its host. Previously we introduced a tool called S-plot which provides a visual representation of the variation in(More)
The vitamin D3 system imposes immunosuppressive effects on monocytic cells, in part, by inhibiting NF-κB-dependent expression of proinflammatory mediators. CD55, a cell surface complement regulatory protein that promotes protective and anti-inflammatory properties, is reportedly an NF-κB target gene transiently induced in monocytic cells by the bacterial(More)