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Constitutional thinness (CT) and anorexia nervosa (AN) are two categories of severely underweight subjects. Some appetite-regulating hormones display opposite levels in AN and CT. While levels of ghrelin, an orexigenic hormone, fit with the normal food intake in CT, the lack of efficacy of increased ghrelin levels in AN is not clear. Obestatin is a recently(More)
BACKGROUND Food intake is controlled by the arcuate nucleus through integration of peripheral hormonal signals such as leptin, ghrelin, peptide YY (PYY), and glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1). The most common condition resulting in underweight young women in the developed world is restrictive anorexia nervosa (AN). However, constitutional thinness (CT) is(More)
CONTEXT Anorexia nervosa (AN) patients present with restrictive food behavior (AN-R). Some of them develop episodes of bulimia (AN-BP) without any clear pathophysiological explanation to date. Their clinical differentiation is important but not easily performed. Orexigenic/anorexigenic peptides measurements could provide some clues for that matter. (More)
CONTEXT Low fat mass and hormonal or nutritional deficiencies are often incriminated in bone loss related to thinness. Constitutional thinness has been described in young women with low body mass index (BMI) but close-to-normal body composition, physiological menstruation, no hormonal abnormalities, and no anorexia nervosa (AN) psychological profile. (More)
BACKGROUND Serotonin (5-HT) pathway abnormalities were demonstrated in anorexia nervosa (AN). Brain imaging studies on 5-HT receptors support this evidence. 4-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1-[2-(N-2-pyridinyl)-p-fluorobenzamido]-ethylpiperazine ([(18)F]MPPF) is a selective 5-HT(1A) receptor antagonist with an affinity close to that of endogenous 5-HT. METHODS In 24(More)
Constitutional thinness (CT) is characterized by a low and stable body mass index (BMI) without any hormonal abnormality. To understand the weight steadiness, energetic metabolism was evaluated. Seven CT, seven controls, and six anorexia nervosa (AN) young women were compared. CT and AN had a BMI <16.5 kg/m(2). Four criteria were evaluated: 1) energy(More)
CONTEXT The relevance of hormonal assessment in anorexia nervosa (AN) management is still unclear. The short-term physical risk during undernutrition period of the disease is partially predicted by anthropometric and electrolytic parameters. OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to evaluate hormonal profiles in a large cohort of AN and their(More)
INTRODUCTION In anorexia nervosa (AN) patients osteoporosis occurs within a framework of multiple hormonal abnormalities as a result of bone turnover uncoupling, with decreased bone formation and increased bone resorption. The aim of study was to evaluate the hormonal and nutritional relationships with both of these bone remodeling compartments and their(More)
CONTEXT Restrictive anorexia nervosa (AN) presents an adaptive appetite regulating profile including mainly high levels of ghrelin. Because this adaptive mechanism is not effective on food intake, other appetite-regulating peptides need to be explored. 26RFa is a hypothalamic neuropeptide that stimulates appetite, gonadotropin release, and bone metabolism.(More)
The implications of global DNA hypomethylation were recently reported in several models of tumorigenesis. Little is known about this epigenetic event in thyroid neoplasia. The study aimed to evaluate the status of global DNA methylation in several types of thyroid tumors using a monoclonal antibody specific for 5-methylcytidine (5-mc) and to define the(More)