Bogdan Ceacareanu

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Contrary to the antimotogenic effect of NO in dedifferentiated vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), we have reported that NO stimulates the motility of differentiated cultured VSMC isolated from adult rats. This process involves upregulation of protein tyrosine phosphatase SHP2, followed by downregulation of RhoA activity. In the present study, we tested(More)
Recent data support the hypothesis that reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a central role in the initiation and progression of vascular diseases. An important vasoprotective function related to the regulation of ROS levels appears to be the antioxidant capacity of nitric oxide (NO). We previously reported that treatment with NO decreases phosphotyrosine(More)
Hyperinsulinemia plays a major role in the pathogenesis of vascular disease. Restenosis occurs at an accelerated rate in hyperinsulinemia and is dependent on increased vascular smooth muscle cell movement from media to neointima. PDGF plays a critical role in mediating neointima formation in models of vascular injury. We have reported that PDGF increases(More)
OBJECTIVE We have previously reported that vascular injury or treatment of cultured vascular smooth muscle cells with platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) or fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF2) increases the levels of protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP)1B. The current study was designed to test the hypothesis that PTP1B attenuates PDGF- or FGF-induced(More)
Repair of the airway epithelium after injury is critical for restoring normal lung. The reepithelialization process involves spreading and migration followed later by cell proliferation. Rho-GTPases are key components of the wound healing process in many different types of tissues, but the specific roles for RhoA and Rac1 vary and have not been identified(More)
Fluid shear stress enhances NO production in endothelial cells by a mechanism involving the activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and the phosphorylation of the endothelial NO synthase (eNOS). We investigated the role of the scaffolding protein Gab1 and the tyrosine phosphatase SHP2 in this signal transduction cascade in cultured and native(More)
Temporal and spatial regulation of the actin cytoskeleton is vital for cell migration. Here, we show that an epithelial cell actin-binding protein, villin, plays a crucial role in this process. Overexpression of villin in doxycyline-regulated HeLa cells enhanced cell migration. Villin-induced cell migration was modestly augmented by growth factors. In(More)
Insulin and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) both play important roles in vascular remodeling. Moreover, nitric oxide (NO) is well established as a counterregulatory agent that opposes the actions of several vascular agonists, in part by decreasing smooth muscle motility. We tested the hypothesis that NO blocks insulin or IGF-I-induced rat aortic smooth(More)
We have previously reported that SHP-2 upregulation is necessary for NO-stimulated motility in differentiated rat aortic smooth muscle cells. We now test the hypothesis that upregulation of SHP-2 is necessary and sufficient to stimulate cell motility. Overexpression of SHP-2 via recombinant adenoviral vector stimulated motility to the same extent as NO,(More)
Hyperinsulinemia is a major risk factor for the development of vascular disease. We have reported that insulin increases the motility of vascular smooth muscle cells via a hydrogen peroxide-mediated mechanism and that nitric oxide (NO) attenuates insulin-induced motility via a cGMP-mediated mechanism. Events downstream of cGMP elevation have not yet been(More)