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The transcriptional control of CD1d-restricted NKT cell development has remained elusive. We report that PLZF (promyelocytic leukemia zinc finger, Zbtb16), a member of the BTB/POZ-ZF family of transcription factors that includes the CD4-lineage-specific c-Krox (Th-POK), is exquisitely specific to CD1d-restricted NKT cells and human MR1-specific MAIT cells.(More)
Polymorphisms attenuating IL-10 signalling confer genetic risk for inflammatory bowel disease. Yet, how IL-10 prevents mucosal autoinflammation is incompletely understood. We demonstrate using lineage-specific deletions of IL-10Rα that IL-10 acts primarily through macrophages to limit colitis. Colitis depends on IL-6 to support pathologic Th17 cell(More)
Regulatory T cells (Tregs), which are characterized by expression of CD4, CD25, and Foxp3, play a crucial role in the control of immune responses to both self and non-self Ags. To date, there are only limited data on their role in physiological and pathological hepatic immune responses. In this study, we examined the role of hepatic Tregs in immune-mediated(More)
Breakdown of the epithelial barrier because of toxins or other insults leads to severe colitis. Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is a critical regulator of this, yet its cellular targets and mechanisms of action are not resolved. We address this here. Mice with a macrophage-selective deletion of IL-10Rα (IL-10Rα(Mdel)) developed markedly enhanced dextran sodium(More)
Administration of concanavalin A (Con A) induces a rapid and severe liver injury in mice. Natural killer T (NKT) cells are recognized to be the key effector cells, and a variety of cytokines [e.g., interleukin 4 (IL-4), IL-5, interferon gamma (IFN-gamma), and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha)] have been shown to play vital roles in Con A-induced liver(More)
The fate of Foxp3(+) regulatory T (Treg) cells responding during autoimmunity is not well defined. We observed a marked elevation in KLRG1(+) (where KLRG1 stands for killer cell lectin-like receptor G1) CNS-infiltrating Treg cells in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), and assessed their origin and properties. KLRG1(+) Treg cells showed(More)
While the molecular mechanisms promoting activation of the Nod-like Receptor (NLR) family member NLRP3 inflammasome are beginning to be defined, little is known about the mechanisms that regulate the NLRP3 inflammasome. Acute (up to 4 hours) LPS stimulation, followed by ATP is frequently used to activate the NLRP3 inflammasome in macrophages. Interestingly,(More)
How a large number of cytokines differentially signal through a small number of signal transduction pathways is not well resolved. This is particularly true for IL-6 and IL-10, which act primarily through STAT3 yet induce dissimilar transcriptional programs leading alternatively to pro- and anti-inflammatory effects. Kinetic differences in signaling,(More)