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Normal endothelial and epithelial cells undergo apoptosis when cell adhesion and spreading are prevented, implying a requirement for antiapoptotic signals from the extracellular matrix for cell survival. We investigated some of the molecular changes occurring in focal adhesions during growth factor deprivation-induced apoptosis in confluent monolayers of(More)
In Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains, selected populations of neurons degenerate heavily, whereas others are frequently spared from degeneration. To address the cellular basis for this selective vulnerability of neurons in distinct brain regions, we compared gene expression between the severely affected inferior temporal lobes and the mostly unaffected(More)
Active matrix metalloproteinases and degraded collagen are observed in disease states, such as atherosclerosis. To examine whether degraded collagen fragments have distinct effects on vascular smooth muscle cells (SMC), collagenase-digested type I collagen was added to cultured human arterial SMC. After addition of collagen fragments, adherent SMC lose(More)
BACKGROUND All treatments of acute myocardial infarction are aimed at rapid revascularization of the occluded vessel; however, no clinical strategies are currently available to protect the heart from ischemia/reperfusion injury after restitution of blood flow. We hypothesized that some of the cholesterol transport-independent biological properties of(More)
BACKGROUND Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is an inherited disorder that causes sudden death and right ventricular heart failure in the young. Clinical data suggest that competitive sports may provoke ARVC in susceptible persons. Genetically, loss-of-function mutations in desmosomal proteins (plakophilin, desmoplakin, or plakoglobin)(More)
OBJECTIVE Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a bioactive lipid, which influences migration and proliferation of endothelial cells through activation of S1P receptors and has been shown to support SDF-1 induced migration and bone marrow homing of CD34+ progenitors. METHODS AND RESULTS Here, we show that incubation of patient-derived endothelial progenitor(More)
BACKGROUND Several clinical studies have demonstrated a close association between plasma HDL cholesterol levels and endothelium-dependent vasodilation in peripheral arteries. In isolated arteries, HDL has been shown to mediate vasodilation via NO release. In vivo, administration of reconstituted HDL restored abnormal endothelial function of the brachial(More)
The novel immunomodulator FTY720 is effective in experimental models of transplantation and autoimmunity, and is currently undergoing Phase III clinical trials for prevention of kidney graft rejection. FTY720 is a structural analogue of sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) and activates several of the S1P receptors. We show that FTY720 induces(More)
Left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) are used to "bridge" patients with end-stage heart failure until transplantation of a donor heart can be performed ("bridge to transplantation"). However, in a subset of patients, support by LVAD sporadically results in improved cardiac function, with heart transplantation no longer necessary even after removal of the(More)
BACKGROUND After myocardial infarction (MI), extensive remodeling of extracellular matrix contributes to scar formation and preservation of hemodynamic function. On the other hand, adverse and excessive extracellular matrix remodeling leads to fibrosis and impaired function. The present study investigates the role of the small leucine-rich proteoglycan(More)