Bodo Brandts

Learn More
1. Activation of muscarinic K+ current (IK(ACh)) by sphingosine-1-phosphate (Sph-1-P) was studied in isolated cultured guinea-pig atrial myocytes using whole-cell voltage clamp. 2. Sph-1-P caused activation of IK(ACh) with an EC50 of 1.2 nM. The maximal current that could be activated by Sph-1-P amounted to about 90% of the IK(ACh) caused by a saturating(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether the biplane area-length method can be used for the evaluation of left atrial volumes and ejection fraction with cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) by TrueFISP in normal subjects and patients with atrial fibrillation. BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation is the most common arrhythmia in elderly patients. Left atrial(More)
Activation of IK(ACh) is the major effect of the vagal neutrotransmitter acetylcholine in the heart. We report that both lysosphingomyelin (D-erythro-sphingosyl-phosphorylcholine; SPC) and sphingosine 1-phosphate (SPP) activate IK(ACh) in guinea pig atrial myocytes through the same receptor with an EC50 of 1.5 and 1.2 nM, respectively. Pertussis toxin(More)
(1) Diadenosine polyphosphates have been described to be present in the myocardium and exert purinergic- and nonreceptor-mediated effects. Since the electrophysiological properties of atrial myocardium are effectively regulated by A(1) receptors, we investigated the effect of diadenosine pentaphosphate (Ap(5)A) in rabbit myocardium. (2) Parameters of(More)
1. The effects of diadenosine polyphosphates (APnA, where n = 4-6) were studied on beating frequency of perfused guinea-pig hearts and on muscarinic K+ current (IK(ACh)) and ATP-regulated K+ current (IK(ATP)) in atrial myocytes from guinea-pig hearts using whole-cell voltage clamp. 2. Bradycardia induced by APnA in perfused hearts was completely inhibited(More)
Blood plasma and serum contain factors that activate inwardly rectifying GIRK1/GIRK4 K+ channels in atrial myocytes via one or more non-atropine-sensitive receptors coupled to pertussis-toxin-sensitive G-proteins. This channel is also the target of muscarinic M(2) receptors activated by the physiological release of acetylcholine from parasympathetic nerve(More)
1. Desensitization of muscarinic K+ current (IK(ACh)) was studied in cultured atrial myocytes from guinea-pig hearts using whole-cell voltage clamp. 2. Three different types of desensitization could be identified. A fast component which upon rapid superfusion with ACh resulted in a partial relaxation of IK(ACh) within a few seconds to a plateau which was(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Pharmacological treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) is limited by induction of malignant ventricular arrhythmias. Developing new drugs, a promising strategy is a more specific treatment of the atria. Muscarinic potassium current (IK[ACh]) is predominantly expressed in supraventricular tissue and mediates the induction of(More)
INTRODUCTION Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) allows very accurate, but time-consuming, volume assessment by the short-axis slice summation technique. The single and biplane methods of volume assessment are used less, partly because FLASH cine imaging provides poor blood-myocardium contrast in long-axis views. TrueFISP gives excellent(More)
1. PD 81,723 has been shown to enhance binding of adenosine to A1 receptors by stabilizing G protein-receptor coupling ('allosteric enhancement'). Evidence has been provided that in the perfused hearts and isolated atria PD 81,723 causes a sensitization to adenosine via this mechanism. 2. We have studied the effect of PD 81,723 in guinea-pig isolated atrial(More)