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Blood plasma and serum contain factors that activate inwardly rectifying GIRK1/GIRK4 K+ channels in atrial myocytes via one or more non-atropine-sensitive receptors coupled to pertussis-toxin-sensitive G-proteins. This channel is also the target of muscarinic M(2) receptors activated by the physiological release of acetylcholine from parasympathetic nerve(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether the biplane area-length method can be used for the evaluation of left atrial volumes and ejection fraction with cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) by TrueFISP in normal subjects and patients with atrial fibrillation. BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation is the most common arrhythmia in elderly patients. Left atrial(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, AV-nodal reentry tachycardia with rapid ventricular response, atrial ectopic tachycardia, and preexcitation syndromes combined with atrial fibrillation or ventricular tachyarrhythmias are typical arrhythmias in intensive care patients. Most frequently, the diagnosis of the underlying arrhythmia is(More)
1. The effects of diadenosine polyphosphates (APnA, where n = 4-6) were studied on beating frequency of perfused guinea-pig hearts and on muscarinic K+ current (IK(ACh)) and ATP-regulated K+ current (IK(ATP)) in atrial myocytes from guinea-pig hearts using whole-cell voltage clamp. 2. Bradycardia induced by APnA in perfused hearts was completely inhibited(More)
1. Activation of muscarinic K+ current (IK(ACh)) by sphingosine-1-phosphate (Sph-1-P) was studied in isolated cultured guinea-pig atrial myocytes using whole-cell voltage clamp. 2. Sph-1-P caused activation of IK(ACh) with an EC50 of 1.2 nM. The maximal current that could be activated by Sph-1-P amounted to about 90% of the IK(ACh) caused by a saturating(More)
Activation of IK(ACh) is the major effect of the vagal neutrotransmitter acetylcholine in the heart. We report that both lysosphingomyelin (D-erythro-sphingosyl-phosphorylcholine; SPC) and sphingosine 1-phosphate (SPP) activate IK(ACh) in guinea pig atrial myocytes through the same receptor with an EC50 of 1.5 and 1.2 nM, respectively. Pertussis toxin(More)
Magnetoenterography (MENG) is a new, non-invasive technique that measures gastrointestinal magnetic signals near the body surface. This study was undertaken to evaluate the temporal and spatial characteristics of the magnetic signals generated by gastric and duodenal slow wave activity. The gastrointestinal magnetic fields of eight normal subjects were(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with more than one AV nodal pathway show two and more peaks in the histogram of the R-R intervals of the Holter monitoring ECG during atrial fibrillation. It was the purpose of the present study to determine the number of patients showing more than one AV nodal pathway in a larger patient group with permanent atrial fibrillation by(More)