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Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome, also referred to as drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome, is a distinct, potentially life-threatening adverse reaction. It is seen in children and adults most often as a morbilliform cutaneous eruption with fever, lymphadenopathy, hematologic abnormalities, and multiorgan(More)
Short sequence amino acids or oligopeptides represent a relatively new and promising area of dermatology. Oligopeptides are defined as peptide sequences ranging from 2 to 20 amino acids. This class of proteins includes potent biologically active compounds, which can modulate various cellular and molecular processes. The medical potential of short sequence(More)
Hematopoiesis is the process by which a limited number of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) maintain a functioning blood and immune system. In adults, hematopoiesis occurs in bone marrow and is supported by the microenvironment. The tachykinin family of peptides regulates hematopoiesis. Tachykinins can be released in bone marrow as neurotransmitters from(More)
The appropriate management of the drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome is paramount because it is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. This syndrome shares clinical features with other dermatologic conditions, including other severe cutaneous drug reactions, requiring the clinician to carefully examine the(More)
Stem cell-derived dopamine (DA) neurons hold great promise for Parkinson's disease (PD). Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have great potential for clinical applications. The generation of DA cells from MSCs using sonic hedgehog (SHH) and fibroblast growth factors (FGF8 and bFGF) has been reported. However, the DA cells showed weak electrical properties,(More)
Breast cancer remains the most prevalent cancer among women in the United States. Substance P, a peptide derived from the TAC1 gene, mediates oncogenic properties in breast and other cancers. TAC1 expression facilitates the entry of breast cancer cells into bone marrow. The transcriptional repressor element 1-silencing transcription factor (REST) has been(More)
Despite diagnostic advances, breast cancer remains the most prevalent cancer among women in the United States. The armamentarium of treatment options for metastatic disease is limited and mostly ineffective with regards to eradicating cancer. However, there have been novel findings in the recent literature that substantiate the function of the(More)
Recent upsurge in the interest of breast cancer metastasis is partly attributed to the discovery of novel, yet unclear, mechanisms of breast cancer interaction with sites of distant metastasis such as the bone marrow microenvironment. In this review, we discuss the significance of the interactions between breast cancer cells and cells of the bone marrow.(More)
Human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are easy to expand, are relatively safe, and can be transplanted in allogeneic recipients as off-the-shelf cells. MSCs can be induced to form functional peptidergic neurons and express the neurotransmitter gene, TAC1. Expression of TAC1 requires that the repressor gene, RE-1 silencing transcription factor (REST), is(More)
Stem cell therapy has a place for future application in the treatment of degenerative diseases. Regardless of the origin of the stem cell, when placed within a milieu of inflammatory mediator, they will show varied functions. This review focuses on human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and discusses neuronal replacement using multi- and inter-disciplinary(More)