Bobby R . Scott

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Many biological subdisciplines that regularly assess dose-response relationships have identified an evolutionarily conserved process in which a low dose of a stressful stimulus activates an adaptive response that increases the resistance of the cell or organism to a moderate to severe level of stress. Due to a lack of frequent interaction among scientists(More)
The death of Alexander Litvinenko on 23 November 2006 has brought into focus scientific judgements concerning the radiotoxicity of polonium-210 ((210)Po). This paper does not consider the specific radiological circumstances surrounding the tragic death of Mr Litvinenko; rather, it provides an evaluation of published human and animal data and models(More)
Humans are continuously exposed to low-level ionizing radiation from natural sources. However, harsher radiation environments persisted during our planet's early years and mammals survived via an evolutionary gift--a system of radiation-induced natural protective measures (adaptive protection). This system includes antioxidants, DNA repair, apoptosis of(More)
An adaptive response is a response to a stress such as radiation exposure that results in a lower than expected biological response. We describe an adaptive response to X radiation in mouse prostate using the pKZ1 chromosomal inversion assay. pKZ1 mice were treated with a priming dose of 0.001, 0.01, 1 or 10 mGy followed 4 h later by a 1000-mGy challenge(More)
The linear nonthreshold (LNT) model plays a central role in low-dose radiation risk assessment for humans. With the LNT model, any radiation exposure is assumed to increase one's risk of cancer. Based on the LNT model, others have predicted tens of thousands of deaths related to environmental exposure to radioactive material from nuclear accidents (e.g.,(More)
For radiation-related cancer risk evaluation, it is important to assess not only influences of individual risk factors but also their interactive effects (e.g., additive, multiplicative, etc.). Multivariate analysis methods adapted for interactive effects allow such assessments. We have used a multivariate analysis approach to investigate the pair-wise(More)
This study was conducted to determine the biological effects of inhaled 238PuO2 over the life spans of 144 beagle dogs. The dogs inhaled one of two sizes of monodisperse aerosols of 238PuO2 to achieve graded levels of initial lung burden (ILB). The aerosols also contained 169Yb to provide a gamma-ray-emitting label for the 238Pu inhaled by each dog. Excreta(More)
Understanding how cellular damage produced by high-linear energy transfer (LET) radiation interacts with that produced by low-LET is important both in radiation therapy and in evaluating risk. To study such interactions, rat lung epithelial cells (LEC) were grown on Mylar films and exposed to both X-rays and alpha-particles, separately or simultaneously.(More)
Despite decades of research in defining the health effects of low-dose (<100 mGy) ionizing photon radiation (LDR), the relationship between LDR and human cancer risk remains elusive. Because chemical carcinogens modify the tumor microenvironment, which is critical for cancer development, we investigated the role and mechanism of LDR in modulating the(More)
To study the long-term biological effects of repeated inhalation exposure to 239PuO2, 84-day-old rats were exposed to aerosols of 239PuO2 to re-establish desired 239Pu lung burdens of 26, 80 or 250 Bq every other month for 1 year (seven exposures). Other rats were exposed once at 84 or 450 days of age to achieve desired initial lung burdens of 30, 90, 280(More)