Learn More
Activation of stress response genes can impart cellular tolerance to environmental stress. Iodoacetamide (IDAM) is an alkylating toxicant that up-regulates expression of hsp70 (Liu, H., Lightfoot, D. L., and Stevens, J. L. (1996) J. Biol. Chem. 271, 4805-4812) and grp78 in LLC-PK1 renal epithelial cells. Therefore, we used IDAM to determine the role of(More)
The relationship between focal adhesion protein (FAK) activity and loss of cell-matrix contact during apoptosis is not entirely clear nor has the role of FAK in chemically induced apoptosis been studied. We investigated the status of FAK phosphorylation and cleavage in renal epithelial cells during apoptosis caused by the nephrotoxicant(More)
Decreased phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is associated with loss of focal adhesions and actin stress fibers and precedes the onset of apoptosis in renal epithelial cells caused by nephrotoxicants (Van de Water, B., Nagelkerke, J. F., and Stevens, J. L. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274, 13328-13337). The role of FAK in the control of apoptosis(More)
BACKGROUND Chondrosarcomas are malignant cartilage-forming tumors notorious for their resistance to conventional chemo- and radiotherapy. Postulated explanations describe the inaccessibility due to abundant hyaline cartilaginous matrix, presence of multidrug resistance (MDR) pumps, and expression of anti-apoptotic BCL-2 family members. MATERIALS AND(More)
Cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity was studied in porcine proximal tubular cells, focusing on the relationship between mitochondrial damage, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and cell death. Cisplatin specifically affected mitochondrial functions: complexes I to IV of the respiratory chain were inhibited 15 to 55% after 20 min of incubation with 50 to 500 microM,(More)
INTRODUCTION Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) receptor (IGF-1R) is phosphorylated in all breast cancer subtypes. Past findings have shown that IGF-1R mediates antiestrogen resistance through cross-talk with estrogen receptor (ER) signaling and via its action upstream of the epidermal growth factor receptor and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2.(More)
Activation of the terminal pathway of the complement system leads to insertion of terminal complement complexes (C5b-9) into the cell membrane, which may induce cytolysis. Recent data indicate that the terminal complement pathway can also result in apoptosis in vivo. To further define the cell death pathway induced by complement, we examined induction of(More)
The relationship between mitochondrial Ca2+, oxidative stress, and a dissipation of the mitochondrial membrane potential (delta psi) was investigated in proximal tubular kidney cells. Freshly isolated proximal tubular cells from rat kidney were exposed to the nephrotoxin 1,2-dichlorovinyl-L-cysteine (DCVC). DCVC stimulated the formation of hydroperoxides as(More)
Dynamic remodeling of the actin cytoskeleton is required for cell spreading, motility, and migration and can be regulated by tyrosine kinase activity. Phosphotyrosine proteomic screening revealed phosphorylation of the lipid-, calcium-, and actin-binding protein annexin A2 (AnxA2) at Tyr23 as a major event preceding ts-v-Src kinase-induced cell scattering.(More)
Decreased phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase and paxillin is associated with loss of focal adhesions and stress fibers and precedes the onset of apoptosis (van de Water, B., Nagelkerke, J. F., and Stevens, J. L. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274, 13328-13337). The cortical actin cytoskeletal network is also lost during apoptosis, yet little is known about the(More)