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Activation of stress response genes can impart cellular tolerance to environmental stress. Iodoacetamide (IDAM) is an alkylating toxicant that up-regulates expression of hsp70 (Liu, H., Lightfoot, D. L., and Stevens, J. L. (1996) J. Biol. Chem. 271, 4805-4812) and grp78 in LLC-PK1 renal epithelial cells. Therefore, we used IDAM to determine the role of(More)
BACKGROUND Chondrosarcomas are malignant cartilage-forming tumors notorious for their resistance to conventional chemo- and radiotherapy. Postulated explanations describe the inaccessibility due to abundant hyaline cartilaginous matrix, presence of multidrug resistance (MDR) pumps, and expression of anti-apoptotic BCL-2 family members. MATERIALS AND(More)
INTRODUCTION Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) receptor (IGF-1R) is phosphorylated in all breast cancer subtypes. Past findings have shown that IGF-1R mediates antiestrogen resistance through cross-talk with estrogen receptor (ER) signaling and via its action upstream of the epidermal growth factor receptor and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2.(More)
Dynamic remodeling of the actin cytoskeleton is required for cell spreading, motility, and migration and can be regulated by tyrosine kinase activity. Phosphotyrosine proteomic screening revealed phosphorylation of the lipid-, calcium-, and actin-binding protein annexin A2 (AnxA2) at Tyr23 as a major event preceding ts-v-Src kinase-induced cell scattering.(More)
Tamoxifen resistance is a major problem in the treatment of estrogen receptor (ER) α -positive breast cancer patients. Although the mechanisms behind tamoxifen resistance are still not completely understood, clinical data suggests that increased expression of receptor tyrosine kinases is involved. Here, we studied the estrogen and anti-estrogen sensitivity(More)
Utilizing molecular data to derive functional physiological models tailored for specific cancer cells can facilitate the use of individually tailored therapies. To this end we present an approach termed PRIME for generating cell-specific genome-scale metabolic models (GSMMs) based on molecular and phenotypic data. We build >280 models of normal and cancer(More)
Decreased phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is associated with loss of focal adhesions and actin stress fibers and precedes the onset of apoptosis in renal epithelial cells caused by nephrotoxicants (Van de Water, B., Nagelkerke, J. F., and Stevens, J. L. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274, 13328-13337). The role of FAK in the control of apoptosis(More)
The mechanism of nephrotoxin-induced apoptosis was studied in rat renal proximal tubular cells (PTC) exposed to the nephrotoxin S-(1,2-dichlorovinyl)-L-cysteine (DCVC). After a 6-h incubation, DCVC caused a condensation of heterochromatin and a fragmentation of the nucleus in 84 and 16% of the cells, respectively, which is indicative of apoptosis. This was(More)
Renal ischemia-reperfusion injury is associated with the loss of tubular epithelial cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions which contribute to renal failure. The Epac-Rap signaling pathway is a potent regulator of cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesion. The cyclic AMP analogue 8-pCPT-2'-O-Me-cAMP has been shown to selectively activate Epac, whereas the addition(More)
The zebrafish embryo (ZFE) is a promising non-rodent model in toxicology, and initial studies suggested its applicability in detecting hepatotoxic responses. Here, we hypothesize that the detailed analysis of underlying mechanisms of hepatotoxicity in ZFE contributes to the improved identification of hepatotoxic properties of new compounds and to the(More)