Bob van Gemen

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Molecular beacon probes can be employed in a NASBA amplicon detection system to generate a specific fluorescent signal concomitantly with amplification. A molecular beacon, designed to hybridize within the target sequence, was introduced into NASBA reactions that amplify the genomic RNA of potato leafroll virus (PLRV). During amplification, the probe(More)
We investigated whether the presence of intact RNA is a valuable indicator of viability of mycobacteria with Mycobacterium smegmatis. M. smegmatis was exposed to various concentrations of rifampin and ofloxacin suspended in broth for different periods of time. The NASBA nucleic acid amplification system was used because of its rapid, sensitive, and specific(More)
Sequence analysis of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) from 74 persons with acute infections identified eight strains with mutations in the reverse transcriptase (RT) gene at positions 41, 67, 68, 70, 215, and 219 associated with resistance to the nucleoside analogue zidovudine (AZT). Follow-up of the fate of these resistant HIV-1 strains in four(More)
NASBAR, an isothermal amplification technique for nucleic acids, was evaluated for the specific identification of Campylobacter jejuni, Camp. coli and Camp. lari. A set of primers and a probe were chosen from the 16S rRNA sequence of Campylobacter. The probe was hybridized in solution with the amplified nucleic acids of 12 Campylobacter species and nine(More)
NASBA, an isothermal nucleic acid amplification system was used for identification of Listeria monocytogenes. A primer set and a species-specific probe were selected from the 16S rRNA sequence. The probe was shown to hybridize specifically to the amplified single-stranded RNA of L. monocytogenes. No hybridization occurred with amplification product of L.(More)
Quantification of HIV-1 viral RNA in plasma was achieved by competitive co-amplification of a dilution series of in vitro generated RNA using the nucleic acid sequence based amplification (NASBA) technology. This 1.5 kilobase in vitro RNA, comprising the gag and part of the pol region, differs only by sequence-randomization of a 20 nt fragment from the(More)
To gain insight into determinants that define the duration of the asymptomatic period preceding AIDS, groups of long-term asymptomatic (LTA) person (> 7 years of follow-up) and slow and rapid progressors of human immunodeficiency virus infection were studied. LTAs had no clinical manifestations of AIDS or immunologic abnormalities in 7 years of follow-up.(More)
Because human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) subtypes and circulating recombinant forms (CRFs) are spreading rapidly worldwide and are becoming less confined to a geographical area, RNA assays that can detect and quantify all HIV-1 isolates reliably are in demand. We have developed a fast, real-time monitored RNA assay based on an isothermal nucleic(More)
We have developed a hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA detection and quantification system based on amplification with nucleic acid sequence-based amplification (NASBA) technology and real-time detection with molecular beacon technology. NASBA is normally applied to amplify single-stranded target RNA, producing RNA amplicons. In this work we show that with(More)
Isothermal nucleic acid amplification of target RNA or DNA sequences is accomplished by the simultaneous enzymatic activity of AMV reverse transcriptase, T7 RNA polymerase and RNase H. Amplification factors of the nucleic acid sequence based amplification (NASBA) method range from 2 x 10(6) to 5 x 10(7) after 2.5 h incubation at 41 degrees C. During NASBA(More)