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BACKGROUND Growing evidence indicates that perioperative factors, including choice of anesthetic, affect cancer recurrence after surgery although little is known about the effect of anesthetics on cancer cells themselves. Certain anesthetics are known to affect hypoxia cell signaling mechanisms in healthy cells by up-regulating hypoxia-inducible factors(More)
With 7.6 million deaths globally, cancer according to the World Health Organisation is still one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Interleukin 17 (IL-17) is a cytokine produced by Th17 cells, a T helper cell subset developed from an activated CD4+ T-cell. Whilst the importance of IL-17 in human autoimmune disease, inflammation, and pathogen defence(More)
The financial and emotional cost of caring for children affected by hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is enormous, and developing therapeutic strategies to prevent or ameliorate the severity of HI-related brain injury remains a major priority. In the past, supportive management was the mainstay of treatment, but considerable progress has been made in(More)
OBJECTIVES Explosive traumatic injury to an extremity may lead to both local and distant organ injury. Regional traumatic tissue hypothermia has been reported to offer systemic protection; here we investigated the protective effects of regional limb hypothermia on local tissue trauma and the lungs. Furthermore, the optimal duration of regional traumatic(More)
Renal transplantation remains an important therapy in treating renal failure and can be considered to be a curative treatment. The demand for renal grafts outstrips supply available each year, making it increasingly important to look at improving the treatment of both renal grafts and recipients, and thereby improving patient outcomes and increasing the(More)
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