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This paper empirically measures changes in the constituency of an organizational field centered around the issue of corporate environmentalism from 1960 to 1993, and correlates those changes with the evolving institutions adopted by the US chemical industry to interpret the issue. Four stages are identified, each representing a different field membership,(More)
The restructuring of the electric power grid has created new control and monitoring requirements for which classical technologies may be inadequate. The most obvious way of building such systems, using TCP connections to link monitoring systems with data sources, gives poor scalability and exhibits instability precisely when information is most urgently(More)
Earlier research has shown that adding wind generation to a network can lower the total annual operating cost by displacing conventional generation. At the same time, the variability of wind generation and the need for higher levels of reserve generating capacity to maintain reliability standards impose additional costs on the system that should not be(More)
Budgeted at $200K per year for 2 years beginning Jan1, 2001 I INTRODUCTION Currently there are no well functioning reserve markets in use in the US. There is some evidence that a well functioning reserve market can help mitigate price spikes and solve the capacity problem. Currently reserves are thought of as having time dependent properties, that is, they(More)
(PSERC) is a multi-university Center and NSF I/UCR conducting research on challenges facing the electric power industry and educating the next generation of power engineers. More information about PSERC can be found at the Center's website: Notice Concerning Copyright Material PSERC members are given permission to copy without fee all or part of this(More)
Acknowledgements The editors thank the Safe States Alliance, the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists, and their respective members. These partnerships have facilitated the ongoing advancement and success of the development of the injury indicators. The editors also thank (NCIPC) is pleased to provide this document to guide you in preparing the(More)
The first part of the paper summarizes how " co-optimization " can be used to determine the correct nodal prices for an optimum AC dispatch that meets industry standards of operating reliability. The co-optimization criterion minimizes the expected cost of meeting load over an explicit set of credible contingencies. The corresponding nodal prices reflect(More)
Acknowledgements The editors thank the Safe States Alliance, the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists, and their respective members. These partnerships have facilitated the ongoing advancement and success of the development of the injury indicators. The editors also thank (NCIPC) is pleased to provide this document to guide you in preparing the(More)