Bob Phillips

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* Level may be graded down on the basis of study quality, imprecision, indirectness (study PICO does not match questions PICO), because of inconsistency between studies, or because the absolute effect size is very small; Level may be graded up if there is a large or very large effect size. ** As always, a systematic review is generally better than an(More)
BACKGROUND A number of approaches have been used to grade levels of evidence and the strength of recommendations. The use of many different approaches detracts from one of the main reasons for having explicit approaches: to concisely characterise and communicate this information so that it can easily be understood and thereby help people make well-informed(More)
BACKGROUND Systems that are used by different organisations to grade the quality of evidence and the strength of recommendations vary. They have different strengths and weaknesses. The GRADE Working Group has developed an approach that addresses key shortcomings in these systems. The aim of this study was to pilot test and further develop the GRADE approach(More)
INTRODUCTION Febrile neutropaenia is a frequently occurring and occasionally life-threatening complication of treatment for childhood cancer, yet many children are aggressively over-treated. We aimed to undertake a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarise evidence on the discriminatory ability and predictive accuracy of clinical decision rules (CDR)(More)
In order to give the best care to patients and families, paediatricians need to integrate the highest quality scientific evidence with clinical expertise and the opinions of the family. 1 Archimedes seeks to assist practising clinicians by providing " evidence based " answers to common questions which are not at the forefront of research but are at the core(More)
OBJECTIVE Chemotherapy-induced cognitive impairments are reported by many cancer survivors. Research to date has not provided a clear description of their nature, extent, mechanisms, and duration. To investigate the impairments and factors that could influence their identification and severity, the present meta-analysis brings together research on this(More)
Understanding diagnostic test accuracy (DTA) data, especially meta-analysis of this information, can be challenging for researchers and clinicians. The use of plots of receiver-operator curve (ROC) space showing individual studies and summary estimates of diagnostic accuracy has become common but can be difficult to interpret. The assessment of(More)
INTRODUCTION Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) management depends on risk stratification at diagnosis and treatment response. Assessment methods include CT, MRI, bone scintigraphy, histological analysis and bone marrow biopsy. Advanced functional imaging (FI) has potential to improve staging accuracy and management strategies. METHODS AND ANALYSIS We conducted a(More)
PURPOSE Cerebellar mutism is a serious neurosurgical complication after posterior fossa surgery, but the cause, incidence and outcome remain incompletely defined. The aim of this paper was to identify and review all reports of this phenomenon to better delineate and improve the evidence base. METHODS A systematic search and retrieval of databases was(More)