Learn More
We studied the feasibility of recording motor evoked responses to transcranial electrical stimulation (tce-MERs) during partial neuromuscular blockade (NMB). In 11 patients, compound muscle action potentials were recorded from the tibialis anterior muscle in response to transcranial electrical stimulation during various levels of vecuronium-induced NMB. The(More)
The use of pulse oximetry as a noninvasive method to assess intravascular volume status is described. Pulse oximeters providing a continuous display of the pulse waveform offer a new method of estimating relative volume status during positive-pressure ventilation. Like intraarterial pressure tracings, the peaks of the pulse waveform demonstrate increased(More)
The minimum alveolar concentration of sevoflurane necessary to prevent movement in 50 per cent of patients (MAC) was determined to be 2.05 per cent in 20 adult surgical patients. Because this value was higher than the only other experimentally determined human MAC value for sevoflurane (1.71 per cent), MAC was also determined in New Zealand white rabbits.(More)
We compared postoperative pain and narcotic requirements, oxygen saturation (SaO2) and length of stay in the post-anesthesia care unit (PACU) in patients who received 30 ml of either 0.25% bupivacaine (B) or saline placebo (S) infiltrated into the operative incision. Twenty ASA I-III patients undergoing abdominal surgery were studied in a double-blinded(More)
The effects of topical application of local anesthetics on peripheral nerve blood flow (NBF) were studied in the rat sciatic nerve. Sciatic NBF was measured by laser doppler in 45 adult female Sprague-Dawley rats (90 nerves) after topical application of 25 microliter lidocaine and epinephrine, alone and in combination (lidocaine plus epinephrine), as well(More)
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) under anesthesia is associated with hypertension and tachycardia. The cardiovascular effects of ECT were studied after pre-treatment of 10 patients with esmolol (1.0 mg/kg), fentanyl (1.5 micrograms/kg), labetalol (0.3 mg/kg), lidocaine (1.0 mg/kg), and saline solution (control), using a double-blind, randomized block-design.(More)
Anatomical study of the brachial plexus of 18 cadavers was undertaken to confirm the presence and significance of "septa" dividing the brachial plexus or axillary sheath. Dissection demonstrated that the sheath consists of multiple layers of thin connective tissue surrounding the various elements of the neurovascular bundle. These septa are incomplete,(More)
The authors have defined the margin of safety in positioning a double-lumen tube as the length of tracheobronchial tree over which it may be moved or positioned without obstructing a conducting airway. The purpose of this study was to measure the margin of safety in positioning three modern double-lumen tubes (Mallinkrodt [Broncho-Cath], Rusch(More)