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Cell survival is determined by a balance among signaling cascades, including those that recruit the Akt and JNK pathways. Here we describe a novel interaction between Akt1 and JNK interacting protein 1 (JIP1), a JNK pathway scaffold. Direct association between Akt1 and JIP1 was observed in primary neurons. Neuronal exposure to an excitotoxic stimulus(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is the main inducer of shock and death in Gram-negative sepsis. Recent evidence suggests that LPS-induced signal transduction begins with CD14-mediated activation of 1 or more Toll-like receptors (TLRs). The lipid A analogues lipid IVa and Rhodobacter sphaeroides lipid A (RSLA) exhibit an uncommon species-specific pharmacology. Both(More)
Site-specific chromosome breakage occurs in many ciliated protozoa during nuclear differentiation. We have determined the cis-acting sequence that controls this process in Tetrahymena thermophila. The Tetrahymena ribosomal RNA gene is bounded by two breakage sites. Injection of this gene into developing macronuclei leads to breakage at these sites. Deletion(More)
Globin gene switching is a well-described model of eucaryotic developmental control. In the case of the human alpha-globin gene cluster, migration of erythropoietic activity from the embryonic yolk sac to the fetal liver is parallaled by the zeta-globin gene silencing and enhanced expression of the alpha-globin genes. To map critical cis determinants of(More)
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