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The Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) Study examined the effects of dietary protein restriction and strict blood pressure control on the decline in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in 840 patients with diverse renal diseases. We describe a systematic analysis to determine baseline factors that predict the decline in GFR, or which alter the(More)
Metabolic acidosis often leads to loss of body protein due mainly to accelerated protein breakdown in muscle. To identify which proteolytic pathway is activated, we measured protein degradation in incubated epitrochlearis muscles from acidotic (NH4Cl-treated) and pair-fed rats under conditions that block different proteolytic systems. Inhibiting lysosomal(More)
In rat muscle metabolic acidosis increases ATP-dependent protein degradation and levels of mRNAs for ubiquitin (Ub) and proteasome subunits. Because adrenalectomy (ADX) abolishes the proteolytic response to acidosis in muscle, we examined whether glucocorticoids (GCs) are necessary for acidosis-induced changes in Ub and proteasome mRNAs in muscles. Total(More)
Patients with advanced renal disease randomized to the very low-protein diet group in the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) Study had a marginally (P = 0.066) slower mean glomerular filtration rate (GFR) decline compared with patients randomized to the low-protein diet group. The objective of these secondary analyses was to determine the(More)
OBJECTIVES We examined the major causes of and risk factors for death among migrants who died while making unauthorized border crossings into the United States from Mexico. METHODS Decedents were included in the study if (1) their remains were found between January 1, 2002, and December 31, 2003, in any US county along the 650-mi (1040-km) section of the(More)
In normal subjects and diabetic patients, insulin suppresses whole body proteolysis suggesting that the loss of lean body mass and muscle wasting in insulinopenia is related to increased muscle protein degradation. To document how insulinopenia affects organ weights and to identify the pathway for accelerated proteolysis in muscle, streptozotocin-treated(More)
Chronic renal failure (CRF) is associated with negative nitrogen balance and loss of lean body mass. To identify specific proteolytic pathways activated by CRF, protein degradation was measured in incubated epitrochlearis muscles from CRF and sham-operated, pair-fed rats. CRF stimulated muscle proteolysis, and inhibition of lysosomal and calcium-activated(More)
Because of the increase in incidence of coccidioidomycosis among the elderly in Arizona between 1990 and 1996, a case-control study was conducted to look at risk factors for disease among these persons. Cases (n=89) were persons aged > or =60 years with laboratory-confirmed coccidioidomycosis; 2 control groups were selected, the first by use of random-digit(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate a cluster of cases of legionnaires' disease among patients at a hospital. SETTING A university hospital that is a regional transplant center. DESIGN Retrospective review of microbiology and serology data from the hospital laboratories and prospective surveillance via the radiology department; a case-control study and(More)
We have shown that chronic metabolic acidosis in awake rats accelerates whole body protein turnover using stochastic modeling and a continuous infusion of L-[1-13C] leucine. To delineate the role that glucocorticoids play in mediating these catabolic responses, we measured protein turnover in awake, chronically catheterized, adrenalectomized rats in the(More)