Bob B. Buchanan

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Thioredoxins are small multifunctional redox active proteins widely if not universally distributed among living organisms. In chloroplasts, two types of thioredoxins (f and m) coexist and play central roles in regulating enzyme activity. Reduction of thioredoxins in chloroplasts is catalyzed by an iron-sulfur disulfide enzyme, ferredoxin-thioredoxin(More)
The plant hormone abscisic acid (ABA) serves as a physiological monitor to assess the water status of plants and, under drought conditions, induces stomatal pore closure by activating specific ion channels, such as a slow-anion channel (SLAC1) that, in turn, mediate ion efflux from the guard cells. Earlier genetic analyses uncovered a protein kinase (OST1)(More)
Initially discovered in the context of photosynthesis, regulation by change in the redox state of thiol groups (S-S <--> 2SH) is now known to occur throughout biology. Several systems, each linking a hydrogen donor to an intermediary disulfide protein, act to effect changes that alter the activity of target proteins: the ferredoxin/thioredoxin system,(More)
Potassium (K(+)) is an essential nutrient for plant growth and development. Plants often adapt to low K(+) conditions by increasing their K(+) uptake capability. Recent studies have led to the identification of a calcium signaling pathway that enables plants to act in this capacity. Calcium is linked to two calcineurin B-like calcium sensors (CBLs) and a(More)
The turn of the century welcomed major developments in redox biology. In plants, proteomics made possible the identification of proteins linked to thioredoxin (Trx), initially in chloroplasts and then other cell compartments. Two procedures, one based on thiol specific probes and the other on mutant Trx proteins, facilitated the labeling or isolation of(More)
Forty years ago, ferredoxin (Fdx) was shown to activate fructose 1,6-bisphosphatase in illuminated chloroplast preparations, thereby laying the foundation for the field now known as "redox biology." Enzyme activation was later shown to require the ubiquitous protein thioredoxin (Trx), reduced photosynthetically by Fdx via an enzyme then(More)
Mitochondria contain thioredoxin (Trx), a regulatory disulfide protein, and an associated flavoenzyme, NADP/Trx reductase, which provide a link to NADPH in the organelle. Unlike animal and yeast counterparts, the function of Trx in plant mitochondria is largely unknown. Accordingly, we have applied recently devised proteomic approaches to identify soluble(More)
By contrast to chloroplasts, our knowledge of amyloplasts--organelles that synthesize and store starch in heterotrophic plant tissues--is in a formative stage. While our understanding of what is considered their primary function, i.e. the biosynthesis and degradation of starch, has increased dramatically in recent years, relatively little is known about(More)
CLE peptides, named for the CLV3/ESR-related peptide family, participate in intercellular-signaling pathways. Here we investigated members of the CLE-like (CLEL) gene family that encode peptide precursors recently designated as root growth factors [Matsuzaki Y et al. (2010) Science 329:1065-1067]. CLEL precursors share a similar domain structure with CLE(More)