Boaz Shaanan

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A novel ligand-binding domain, named the 'ACT domain', was recently identified by a PSI-BLAST search. The archetypical ACT domain is the C-terminal regulatory domain of 3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase (3PGDH), which folds with a ferredoxin-like betaalphabetabetaalphabeta topology. A pair of ACT domains form an eight-stranded antiparallel sheet with two(More)
The tyrosine phosphatase RPTP gamma is a candidate tumor suppressor gene since it is located on human chromosome 3p14.2-p21 in a region frequently deleted in certain types of renal and lung carcinomas. In order to evaluate its oncogenic potential and to explore its normal in vivo functions, we have isolated cDNAs and deduced the complete sequences of both(More)
The structures of the Erythrina corallodendron lectin (EcorL) and of its complexes with galactose, N-acetylgalactosamine, lactose and N-acetyllactosamine were determined at a resolution of 1.9 to 1.95 A. The final R-values of the five models are in the range 0.169 to 0.181. The unusual, non-canonical, dimer interface of EcorL is made of beta-strands from(More)
The enzyme acetohydroxyacid synthase (AHAS) catalyses the first common step in the biosynthesis of the three branched-chain amino acids. Enzymes in the AHAS family generally consist of regulatory and catalytic subunits. Here, we describe the first crystal structure of an AHAS regulatory subunit, the ilvH polypeptide, determined at a resolution of 1.75 A.(More)
Lectins can be found in many organisms and are involved in a multitude of cellular processes that depend on specific recognition of complex carbohydrates. The stereochemical principles underlying the recognition process have been the subject of extensive biochemical and structural studies. When examined from the viewpoint of the bound sugar, the structural(More)
Subsequent to the demonstration in the late 1950s of the catalytic power of the C2 anion/ylid of thiamin diphosphate, further convincing evidence was provided demonstrating that the 4'-aminopyrimidine group plays a vital role in activation of this cofactor. Structural evidence from several crystal structures of thiamin diphosphate-dependent enzymes(More)
We used partially purified NhaR and a highly purified His-tagged NhaR derivative to identify the cis-regulatory sequences of nhaA recognized by NhaR and to study the specific effect of Na+ on this interaction. Gel retardation assay with DNase I footprinting analysis showed that NhaR binds a region of nhaA which spans 92 bp and contains three copies of the(More)
IkappaB kinases (IKKs) regulate the activity of Rel/NF-kappaB transcription factors by targeting their inhibitory partner proteins, IkappaBs, for degradation. The Drosophila genome encodes two members of the IKK family. Whereas the first is a kinase essential for activation of the NF-kappaB pathway, the latter does not act as IkappaB kinase. Instead, recent(More)
Scorpion neurotoxins of the excitatory group show total specificity for insects and serve as invaluable probes for insect sodium channels. However, despite their significance and potential for application in insect-pest control, the structural basis for their bioactivity is still unknown. We isolated, characterized, and expressed an atypically long(More)