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Gender may be involved in the motivational processing of facial beauty. This study applied a behavioral probe, known to activate brain motivational regions, to healthy heterosexual subjects. Matched samples of men and women were administered two tasks: (a) key pressing to change the viewing time of average or beautiful female or male facial images, and (b)(More)
The current study explored the neurocognitive functioning of patients with co-occurring bipolar disorder and alcohol dependence upon discharge from inpatient care. The study compared scores of neuropsychological tests among three groups of bipolar I inpatients without a history of neurological injury or illness: 1) patients meeting DSM-IV diagnostic(More)
Simple, objective, linear, and density measures were used to evaluate by computed tomography (CT) the cerebellum-fourth ventricular region of 23 chronic schizophrenic patients and 23 normal controls. Our data suggest that a subgroup of chronic schizophrenic patients have cerebellar atrophy associated with a strong but nonsignificant trend toward increased(More)
OBJECTIVE Previous theories about the etiology of cognitive dysfunction in bipolar disorder (BD) emphasized trait factors such as neurological impairment. State factors, other than mood symptoms, that may exacerbate functional deficits have not yet been considered. The purpose of this study was to examine autonomic nervous system (ANS) arousal following(More)
Previous research on functional outcome in bipolar disorder (BD) has uncovered various factors that exacerbate psychosocial disability over the course of illness, including genetics, illness severity, stress, anxiety, and cognitive impairment. This paper presents an integrated view of these findings that accounts for the precipitous decline in psychosocial(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to examine cognitive recovery in patients with co-occurring bipolar disorder (BD) and alcohol dependence (AD) during remission from an acute mood disturbance. METHOD Fifty-five adult inpatients with bipolar I disorder (BD I) completed a neuropsychological battery, mood measures, and substance abuse measures upon discharge from(More)
In recent work, Levy and Earleywine [Addict. Behav. (2003)] have proposed an expectancy framework of choice for the study of alcohol abuse. Within this framework, the link between alcohol expectancies and drinking problems is studied in the context of expectancies for alternative behaviors. Preliminary findings showed that studying expectancies predicted(More)
Previous studies of cognitive functioning in bipolar disorder generally indicate that a more severe course of illness is associated with greater cognitive impairment. In particular, a history of greater number and longer duration of mood episodes predicts enduring cognitive deficits in euthymic patients. Shifting the focus of this investigation to the(More)
BACKGROUND Studies indicate that comorbid anxiety disorders predict a more severe course of illness in bipolar disorder (BD). The relatively high prevalence of social anxiety in BD points to the potential role that socio-cultural factors, such as stigma, play in exacerbating the progression of this disorder. Stigma creates social anxiety in affected(More)