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Under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), adaptation has recently gained importance, yet adaptation is much less developed than mitigation as a policy response. Adaptation research has been used to help answer to related but distinct questions. (1) To what extent can adaptation reduce impacts of climate change? (2) What… (More)
Homogeneous culture of neural precursor cells (NPCs) derived from human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) would provide a powerful tool for biomedical applications. However, previous efforts to expand mechanically dissected neural rosettes for cultivation of NPCs remain concerns regarding non-neural cell contamination. In addition, several attempts to purify… (More)
BACKGROUND Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a disorder of altered bowel habits associated with abdominal pain or discomfort. The pain, discomfort, and impairment from IBS often lead to healthcare medical consultation (Talley 1997) and workplace absenteeism, and associated economic costs (Leong 2003). A recent randomized controlled trial shows variable… (More)
PURPOSE We intended to determine whether transplanted neural precursors, derived from mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells, can migrate and differentiate into mature neurons and glial cells in damaged brains and improve functional deficits caused by global cerebral ischemic injury in adolescent rats. METHODS Global ischemia was induced using the four-vessel… (More)
The co-chairs of the IPCC Expert Group on Land-use Change and Forestry are Sandra Brown and Youba Sokona. We are grateful to the many scientists and inventory experts who contributed to this report, including:
Forensic dentistry is important to the armed forces and denture markers are useful adjuncts in forensic dental identification. The dental services in the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) recognise this need and have been marking dentures since 1987. The "inclusion method" chosen for marking dentures in the SAF is described.
This presentation will discuss the need for national-level organizational strategies to effectively combat cyber security threats and cybercrime. In many countries, new agencies have been established and/or new roles have been allotted to existing agencies to cope with the needs for cyber security or fighting against cybercrime. The two pillars of… (More)