Bo van Deurs

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A new, nontumorigenic human breast epithelial cell line, HMT-3522, has been established from fibrocystic breast tissue. Cells were explanted and propagated in chemically defined medium including insulin, transferrin, epidermal growth factor, hydrocortisone, estradiol, prolactin, and Na-selenite. The epithelial nature of the cell line was established by(More)
The plant toxin ricin and the bacterial toxin Shiga toxin belong to a group of protein toxins that inhibit protein synthesis in cells enzymatically after entry into the cytosol. Ricin and Shiga toxin, which both have an enzymatically active moiety that inactivates ribosomes and a moiety that binds to cell surface receptors, enter the cytosol after binding(More)
Evidence is presented that endocytosis is involved in the transport to the cytosol of the cytotoxin from Shigella dysenteriae 1, Shiga toxin, which acts by removal of a single adenine residue in 28-S ribosomal RNA. Inhibition of endocytosis by ATP depletion of the cells prevented toxin uptake. Exposure of HeLa $3 and Vero cells to toxin at low extracellular(More)
Myofibroblasts from human breast carcinomas were identified and experimentally generated in culture, and a possible function was examined. The frequency ofα-smooth muscle actin immunoreactive cells was evaluated as a measure of myofibroblast differentiation in primary culture. Few or noα-smooth muscle actin-positive stromal cells (6.1 ± 8.4%) were(More)
An increasing number of protein toxins is known to exert their damaging action on compounds in the cytosol [20]. This was initially shown for diphtheria toxin [9] and, subsequently, the plant toxins abrin and ricin [39, 40] and the bacterial cholera toxin [19] were shown to act in the cytosol. Later the plant toxins modeccin [45], viscumin [62], and(More)
Can quantum dots (Qdots) act as relevant intracellular probes to investigate routing of ligands in live cells? The intracellular trafficking of Qdots that were coupled to the plant toxin ricin, Shiga toxin, or the ligand transferrin (Tf) was studied by confocal fluorescence microscopy. The Tf:Qdots were internalized by clathrin-dependent endocytosis as fast(More)
Acute hypertension in rats was produced by intravenous infusion of metaraminol bitartrate (Aramine). The permeability to intravenously injected horseradish peroxidase (HRP) was increased across the cerebral arterioles, capillaries and venules. From the basement membranes of the vessel walls the protein tracer moved into the extracellular spaces of the(More)
The transfer of protein from the cerebral ventricles to the parenchymal bloodstream in mice was studied by electron microscopy. After perfusion with the protein tracer horseradish peroxidase (HRP; M.W. approx. 40,000) through the cerebral ventricles, the tracer penetrated the ependymal lining of the ventricles and was found in the extracellular space of the(More)
The permeability of fenestrated capillaries in the mouse pineal gland to proteins and peptides was demonstrated by means of ultrastructural tracers. Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and microperoxidase (MP) were injected intravenously and allowed to circulate for approximately 30 s, 1 min, 5 min, 1 or 2h. The tissue was then fixed by vascular perfusion or by(More)